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Meet Amazing Americans 美国总统 杰弗逊 (Thomas Jefferson)
 
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Capture and burning of Washington by the British, in 1814.
英军占领及焚烧华顿盛,1814

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杰弗逊与国会图书馆

1812年战争开打,英国入侵华盛顿并于1814年时焚烧美国国会大厦。他们也焚烧了当时收藏在美国国会大厦内,国会图书馆的3,000册藏书。当杰弗逊在1801年至1809年担任总统期间,他对国会图书馆及其藏书极富兴趣,他亲自推荐书目并指派前两任国会图书馆馆长。事实上,他曾说过:「没有书我就活不下去。」战事开打时,杰弗逊已退休并住在位于蒙提萨罗的家中。那儿有他自己的私人图书馆,是美国境内藏书最多且最佳的图书馆。您认为杰弗逊决定要为国会做什么?

During the War of 1812 the British invaded Washington and burned the Capitol building in 1814. They also burned the 3,000 volumes in the Library of Congress, which was then housed in the Capitol. While Jefferson was president from 1801 until 1809, he took a strong interest in the Library of Congress and its collection, personally recommending books and appointing the first two Librarians of Congress. In fact, he said, "I cannot live without books." By the time the war happened, Jefferson was retired and living at his home in Monticello. There he had his own private library, known as the largest and finest in the country. What do you think Jefferson decided to do for Congress?

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