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Meet Amazing Americans 领袖与政治人物  约翰约瑟潘兴 (John Joseph Pershing)
 
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'General John Joseph Pershing, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing front, in uniform.'
约翰约瑟潘兴将军
 

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生于: 1860913
死于: 1948715

本来身为老师,任教于密苏里州的约翰约瑟潘兴 (John Joseph Pershing) ,某日无意中看见一张报纸上的公告,因此决定到位于纽约西点市 (West Point) 的美国军事学校 (U.S. Military Academy) 试试身手。在学的最后一年,他被选为队长,获得带领学员部队的荣誉。稍后,在古巴及墨西哥战争中,他的军中职位及战斗经验让他得到了许多宝贵知识。第一次世界大战时,约翰潘兴将军被任命为欧洲战区的美国派遣军 (AEFAmerican Expeditionary Force) 司令官。战后,他被擢升为陆军将军,一个只有乔治华盛顿曾担任过的职位。他将他余生的大部分时间花在完成他的回忆录「我在世界大战中的经历」 (My Experiences in the World War) 上,这本书在1932年获普立兹奖。

John Joseph Pershing began his career as a schoolteacher in Missouri when a notice in the paper inspired him to give the U.S. Military Academy at West Point in New York a try. By his last year, he had earned the honor of being chosen first captain of the Corps of Cadets. His later military postings and combat experiences in places such as Cuba and Mexico provided him with valuable knowledge. During the First World War General John Pershing was the commander of the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) in Europe. After the war he was promoted to general of the armies, a position previously held only by George Washington. Toward the end of his life he spent a great deal of time writing his memoirs, My Experiences in the World War, which won the Pulitzer Prize for history in 1932.


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