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Meet Amazing Americans 社会运动家与改革家 杜博斯 (W.E.B. Du Bois)
Drawing of African Americans voting, 1867
内战 (Civil War) 过后不久,非裔美国人即享有投票权

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威廉爱德华布格哈特 (W.E.B.) 杜博斯 (发音方式如下:do-boys) 长大后成为人权运动的先驱,也许会有人说他的成功是因为拥有绝佳的时机。他出生于内战退出后的第三年,在这段名为「重建」的时期内,昔日的分裂国家试着要恢撤消貌。于1868年颁布的第十四条修正案 (14th Amendment) 将国家的公民权利与义务授予前奴隶,而第15条修正案 (15th Amendment) 则授予黑人投票权,让他们可以参与1870年的投票。然而,这些修正条款仅代表了国土法律,并不代表所有的公民就能够遵守这些法律。

William Edward Burghardt (W.E.B.) Du Bois (pronounced "do-boys") grew up to become a pioneer in the civil rights movement. One might say that he had perfect timing. He was born three years after the end of the Civil War, during the period known as Reconstruction, when the once divided country was trying to rebuild. The 14th Amendment in 1868 gave national citizenship to former slaves, and the 15th Amendment granted black men the right to vote in 1870. Yet, just because these amendments were the laws of the land did not mean that all citizens abided by them.

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