Risk management is an important part of the overall bank management. If mistakes are made here, it can result in substantial losses to the bank. By comparison, if you as an investor choose the wrong stock investment you will also lose. Loans made by the bank to customers and companies are investments, and this is where risk management comes into use? Investing is essentially a risk-return trade off. However banks tend to be more conservative when it comes to their investments, as higher risk investments may require the bank to allocate more capital to cover it in the event of a loss. This also comes at a cost to the bank.