Corporate Structure
How authority and accountability are delegated within a company as well as how ownership is divided.

公司结构来源:考
公司内部权力如何分配,责任如何划分。

Certificate of Incorporation
Issued by a state upon approval of articles of incorporation. Together they form the corporate charter which establishes a corporation.

开业证明
由州政府批准公司章程后颁发。它们共同组成公司成立的宪章。

Bylaws
Rules governing the internal management of a company drawn up at the time of incorporation.

规章制度来源:考
公司成立时制订的内部管理制度。

Board Resolution
Document recording a decision by the board of directors for action.

董事会决议来源:考
记录董事会行动决定的文件。

Board of Directors来源:考
Persons elected to develop company policy and ensure that a corporation acts within the scope of its corporate charter.

董事会来源:考
被推选制订公司政策并确保公司按照其宪章运营的决策机构。

Checks and Balances
System in which each level of authority is “checked” by the others to make sure that power is balanced between them.

制衡
权力互相受到制约,保证相互间权利平衡。来源:考

Chief Executive Officer (CEO)
Officer of a firm principally responsible for its day to day operations, usually the chairman of the board or president.

首席执行官(CEO)来源:考
对公司日常运营负主要责任的官员。通常为董事会主席或总裁。

Chain of Command
A system wherein authority is passed down from top to bottom through a series of executive positions each of which is accountable to the one above it.

命令链来源:考
权力自上而下进行分配,下级官员对上级官员负责的体系。