Passage:
1.
conservative adj 保守的, 守旧的
e.g.The researchers made a conservative guess at the population of Tokyo.
研究人员对东京的人口作了一项保守的估计。
rightist conservative ideas右倾保守思想
Conservative party (英国的)保守党
a conservative estimate审慎的估计
conservative grazing适度放牧
2.
spatial adj.空间的
3.
strain n.过度的疲劳, 紧张, 张力, 应变
e.g.Examinations cause mental strain.
考试引起思想上的紧张。
The strain of sleepless nights made her ill.
她由于连夜不眠的过度劳累而病了。
4.
hybrid n& adj. 杂种的; 混合的; 桥接的; 间生的
e.g.a hybrid animal杂种动物
a hybrid cell.杂交细胞
5.
ultimate adj最后的;最终的
e.g.the ultimate objective 最终目标
the ultimate truth 最终真理
ultimate cause终极原因
the ultimate ends of the world天涯海角
The union leaders declared that the ultimate aim of their struggle was to pay increase and improved working conditions for the workers.
工会领导人宣称他们斗争的最终目的是要增加工人工资和改善工作条件。
6.
accumulative adj.积聚的, 累积的
accumulation n.积聚; 堆聚物
accumulate v.积聚, 堆积
7.
strengthen vt,vi加强;增强变强 (weaken)
e.g.our enemy has greatly strengthened during the truce talks.
和谈期间,敌人力量已大为增强。
The front army troops were strengthened by a large contingent of students from the military academy.
前线部队得到了一大批军事学院学员的增援。
The fence was strengthened with wire.
这堵围栏用金属丝加固了。
8.
capacity n.容量, 智能, 才能,
e.g.This can has a capacity of four quarters.
这个罐的容量有四夸脱。
He is a boy with a mind of great capacity
他是一个具有理解力极强的头脑的孩子.
9.
innovation n. 革新;创新创新, 革新, 改革, 新发明
innovate vi.改革, 创新
e.g.The mass movement for technical innovation is vigorously forging ahead in the factory.
群众性的技术革新运动正在该厂蓬勃开展。
The innovation of air travel during this century has made the world seem smaller.
本世纪发明的空中飞行似乎使世界变小了。
technical innovation技术革新
a vitally important innovation in industry
一项具有重大意义的工业上的革新
10.
resemble v. 象, 类似
e.g.She resembles her mother in the way she moves her hands when she talks.
她说话时打手势的动作像她妈妈。
He strongly resembles his father.
他酷似他的父亲。