完形填空中的各个小题不外乎以下五种类型:

  1.考固定搭配
  这种题目在英语运用部分考试中出现得比较多,而且无论有否选择项对考生做这个题目来说影响并不大,因为对付这类题目只需要记往常用的固定搭配,而并不需要根据上下文进行分析和归纳。

  2.考关联词语
  关联词语有时成对出现,有时单独使用。虽然它们在句子中并没有重读,但是它们在整个句子中也起着非常重要的作用,因为它们连接着一句话中不同的分句,并告诉读者这些分句之间的关系。

  3.考名词和代词的一致性
  这类题目与其说是对名词的考查,不如说是对代词的考查。众所周知,代词是用来代替名词的,而且,在文章中,有时为了避免重复,不宜过多地使用名词,这时,只有使用代词来充当名词的角色。无论使用代词还是选择代词,我们都应该注意名词和代词的一致性问题。

  4.考对文章主要内容的把握
  既然是对一篇文章来进行综合填空,当然要考查对整篇文章的理解。如果通读全文之后,再进行填空就比较科学,因为考生已经对整篇文章有了初步的了解。所以,拿到文章之后,首先应该通读全文以了解文章的中心思想和主要内容。来源:考

  5.考上下文线索
  考生一定要有全局意识,即语篇意识。因为在做有些题目时,我们能从相邻的句子或者段落中得到提示。也就是说,我们可以直接或间接地从上下文中找到答案。这样的题目又可以分为两类:一类是能够从上下文中直接找到。另一类是不能直接从原文中找到,但是可以根据上下文的意思来做判断。有时,我们可以从上下文中找到该单词的反义词或者近义词,然后根据连接词的意思,来做出相应的选择;有时,我们可以根据上下文中的有关信息来判断此处应填的单词。来源:考

  (二)解题技巧
  下面以大纲中的样题为例进行解题步骤和其中具体的解题技巧的的分析:
  经典例题:
  In Britain, winter is the season not only for visits to the theatre, opera, concerts and ballet, but also for shopping or for sightseeing.
  London, one of the __26__ cities in the world, has plenty to offer during the winter months, __27__ in the way of entertainment - and the __28__ act like a magnet with __29__ array of presents for the Christmas __30__, followed by large scale bargains in the January __31__. But it's not only London that __32__ value shopping - most of our suburban and __33__ centres have just as much to offer to the __34__ shopper.
  Even if you're based __35__ London, you don't have to spend all your __36__ there - and that goes for all the year __37__, too. Take a train or coach and __38__ what else Britain has to offer; __39__ are many excursions, even in winter, and among the great country houses __40_ keep their stately front doors open __41__ the year are Longleat and Woburn Abbey. __42__ a car and drive __43__ into the beauty of the winter landscape - the scenery will be __44__ beautiful - and the people will have more time to chat to you __45__ this time of year.
  26. [A]coldest      [B]foggiest     [C]busiest       [D]noisiest
  27. [A]normally    [B]especially    [C]occasionally   [D]generally
  28. [A]clubs       [B]pubs        [C]restaurants    [D]shops
  29. [A]its         [B]the          [C]that         [D]their
  30. [A]shopper     [B]visitor       [C]caller        [D]spender
  31. [A]bargains    [B]sales         [C]selling       [D]trading
  32. [A]opens      [B]presents      [C]grants        [D]offers
  33. [A]provincial   [B]national      [C]divisional     [D]international
  34. [A]lonely      [B]eager        [C]lazy          [D]nervous