改错形式和做题规则
改错形式有以下三类:
1、错词(words mistaken)。在标有题号的一行中有一词在词法、搭配或词义等方面有错误,要
求考生找出错误并换上正确的词(change a word),这类错误在所有错误中占绝大多数。
2、缺词(words missing)。在标有题号的一行的任何位置缺了一词,要求考生按语法、搭配或上
下文语义的需要找出缺词的位置并补上所缺的词(insert a word)。
3、多词(words redundant)。在标有题号的一行中有一词按语法、搭配或上下文语义要求纯属多
余,要求考生认定该多余的词并划去(cross out a word)。

做题示例

短文共有10 处错误,但究竟哪一行多一词,哪一行缺一词或错一词,则没有任何规律和标记。历年
考题的统计资料表明,绝大多数改错设计为错词一类。其主要原因除了命题因素外,更由于这类错误形式
难度较大,并更能考查考生的实际语言驾驭能力。
改错规则:不论是错词,缺词或多词,考生在改错时只能动一个词。除了掌握一些应试技巧外,考生
应在自身语言基本功,尤其是语言的准确使用方面提高自己。具体来看,改错题的主要错误类型有主谓不
一致、时态和语态错误、连接词误用、形容词与副词错误、反义词误用、非谓语动词错误、关系代词错误、
介词错误、缺漏和赘述、句子结构等等。

模拟训练(二)
The European Union had approved a number of
genetically modified crops until late 1998. But growing
public concern over its supposed environmental and health ___1___
risks led several EU countries to demand a moratorium(暂
时禁止)on imports of any new GM produce. By late 1999
there were enough such country to block any approvals ___2___
of GM produce. Last year, America filed a complaint at the
WTO about the moratorium, argue that it was an illegal ___3___
trade barrier because there was no scientific base for it. ___4___
As more studies have been completed on the effects of
GM crops, the greens’ case against them has weakened.
Much evidence has emerged of health risks from eating them. ___5___
And, overall, the studies have shown that the environmental
effects on modified crops are not always as serious as the ___6___
greens claim.. Nevertheless, environmentalists continue to find
fault of such studies and argue that they are inconclusive. ___7___
While Americans seem to be happy enough consume ___8___
food made from GM crops, opinion polls continue to show
that European consumers dislike the idea. Europeans seem to
be taking the attitude which, since there remains the slightest ___9___
possibility of adverse consequences and since it is clear how ___10___
they, as consumers, benefit from GM crops, they would rather
not run the risk.

 

答案及解析:
1. its -> their
此处的代词指代的是前面的genetically modified crops(转基因农作物)为复数,所以要改为their。

2. country -> countries
such country是指前面要求暂停进口转基因农产品的一些欧盟国家,是复数,所以要改为countries。

3. argue -> arguing
整句话的谓语是上行的filed。在英语里,一个句子不能在没有连词的情况下有多个谓语,所以此处要将argue改为arguing,用现在分词作状语

4. base -> basis
Base意为“基础,基地”,basis (for) 意为“基础,根据”,原句表达“科学根据”只能为scientific basis,而scientific base意为“科学基地”。此处还应该注意不能受base on(基于)这个短语的影响而将for改为on。

5. Much -> Little
根据后一句the studies have shown that the environmental effects of modified crops are not always as serious as the greens claim可知,并没有什么证据表明吃转基因农作物有损健康,所以要把Much改为Little。

6. on -> of
本句的意思是:“研究表明,改良后的农作物对环境造成的后果并没有像环保主义者所称的那样严重。”effect on意为“对…有影响”,effect of意为“….的后果(影响)”,所以应该将on改为of。

7. of -> with
find fault with是固定搭配,意为“批评,挑剔,对…吹毛求疵”。

8. consume前加to
此处是be happy to do,意为“很高兴做…,很满意做…”。

9. which -> that
这里take the attitude that…是同位语从句,中间since there……from GM crops是插入成分,真正的的同位语句子是后面的they would rather not run the risk.

10. clear -> unclear或clear前加not
since 前面的and表示前后语意一致,本句要表达的意思是:“因为欧洲人觉得仍存在使用转基因食物的不良后果,且作为消费者,他们如何从转基因食物中获利也不清楚,所以他们不愿意冒风险。