本期重点: 从句类型混淆,从句关系代词误用

考点例析:

例1:Doctor Brundtland says leprosy is no longer a disease that
requires life-long treatments by medical experts. Instead,
patients can take that is called a multi-drug therapy. S7._______

解析:本句中take后面的部分应该是做take的宾语,that不能既做take的宾语又连接宾语从句,所以应该把that改为what.

例2:There’s also convincing evidence which dyslexia is largely S5._______
inherited. It is now considered a chronic problem for some kids,
not just a “phase”. Scientists have also discarded another old
stereotype that almost all dyslexics are boys

解析:evidence后面是同谓语从句,解释说明evidence,所以应该将which改为that。

例3:Tobacco companies had encountered the reports, that purported 4.________
to show links between smoking and cancer and other serious diseases.

解析:这里是非限定性定语从句,又因为从句缺少主语,所以只能使用引导词which,故将that改为which。

例4:Which is new is the wholesale interest in reusing the past, 2._______
in recycling, in adaptive rehabilitation(复原).

解析:此处是主语从句,从句中缺主语,应该使用what,所以将Which改为What。


巩固与拓展

1.Some were treated as mentally deficient: many were left
functionally illiterate (文盲的),unable to ever meet their
potential. But in the last several years, there’s been a
revolution in that we’ve learned about reading and dyslexia. _________

2.It was in the Unite States which the great advances in nineteenth __________
-century agricultural machinery first came

3.He also found a school of technology what is now part of __________
Carngie-Mellon University.

4. The bar counter is possibly the only site in the British Isles
which friendly conversation is considered entirely appropriate _________
and really quite normal behavior.

5. When there is a will, there is a way. __________

综合训练

Punctuality(准时) means observing(遵守) regular or
appointed time. A man who gets up at seven o"clock every morning
is punctual. A man who has permitted to call on a friend at 1. _______
five o"clock in the afternoon and actually does such at that hour 2. ______
is also punctual.
Punctuality is a good habit, and unpunctuality is a bad
one. A few minutes delay may not be a serious matter. 3. _______
But it may have bad results. Getting up five minutes later than
usually may upset the plan of the day.? 4. ____
Call on a friend five minutes later than the appointed time may 5. _______
cause him some unexpected trouble. Nevertheless, habitual 6._______
unpunctuality leads to indolence(懒惰) and even failure in life.
One delay after another makes a man unable to exert himself. It
also proves him be untrustworthy. 7._______
Those who are unpunctual should try their best to get rid
from their bad habit. In doing this, they should avoid making 8. ______
any kind of exception. They should ever say to themselves:“A 9.______
few minutes’ delay does not matter this time. I shall never be
unpunctual again.” Those who think in this way will find
excuses for delay from time to time, and will at least give up the
attempt cultivate the good habit of punctuality. 10. ______
Like all other good habits, punctuality becomes second
nature with those who have duly cultivated it.