本期重点:特殊句型(强调句、倒装句、省略句)

考点例析:

例1:Animation(动画)means making things which are lifeless come
Alive and move. Since earliest times, people have always been fascinated by
movement. But not until this century we managed to capture movement, _______
to record it, and in the case of animation, to reinterpret it and recreate it.

解析:状语not until…提前,后面的主句主谓倒装,根据上下文和谓语managed可推断该句应为完成时。故在we 前加have。

拓展:部分倒装是指将谓语的一部分如助动词或情态倒装至主语之前。如果句中的谓语没有助动词或情态动词,则需添加助动词 do, does 或 did ,并将其置于主语之前。
句首为否定或半否定的词语,如 no, not, never, seldom, little, hardly, at no time, in no way, not until... 等。
EX1. Never have I seen such a performance.
EX2. Nowhere will you find the answer to this question.
EX3. Not until the child fell asleep did the mother leave the room.
  当 Not until 引出主从复合句,主句倒装,从句不倒装。

以否定副词开头并加状语的句子要求部分倒装。这些否定副词有barely, hardly, little, seldom, , never, no sooner…… than, rarely, no more, nor nearly, Not only...but also, Hardly/ Scarcely ...when, No sooner... than等以及only
EX1. Not only did he refuse the gift, he also severely criticized the sender.
EX2. Hardly had she gone out when a student came to visit her.
EX3. No sooner had she gone out than a student came to visit her.

例2:It is Western health-care system which are spending huge sums of ______
money on the surgical treatment of the disease.

解析:这个是It is …that…强调句。无论后面的从句缺少什么成分,都只能用that来引导并且不能省略(如果强调部分是人时,可以用who)。故将which改为that

例3:The boy wanted to play football in the street, but his mother told him not. ________

解析:这个是省略句,完整为The boy wanted to play football in the street, but his mother told him not to play football in the street。动词不定式的省略:在动词不定式结构中,为了避免重复,常常省略不定式结构中的动词原形,只保留to。所以应该在not后加个to

巩固与拓展

1.It is in front of the religious leader who the bride and groom stand ________
together to be married.

2.It shames me to say it, but I told a lie when questioning at the meeting _______
by my boss.

3. In no country other than Britain one experience four seasons in the ________
course of a single day.

4. She lost both her arms while was an infant when her mother,in a vert _________
agitated state, damaged her limbs beyond repair.

5. Only after he had spoken out the word he realize he had made a big mistake. ________

综合训练

“There is a senseless notion that children grow up and leave
home when they’re 18, and the truth is far from that,” says
sociologist Larry Bumpass of the University of Wisconsin.
Today, unexpected numbers Of young adults are living with
our parents. “There is a major shift in the middle class,” 1.______
declares sociologist Allan Schnaiberg of Northwestern
University, whose son, 19, moved back in after an absence of
eight months.
Analysts cite a variety of reasons by this return to the nest. 2._______
The marriage age is rising, a condition that makes home and its
pleasantness particular attractive to young people. A high divorce 3._______
rate and a declining remarriage rate are sending economically
pressed and emotionally hurt survivors back to parental shelters.
For some, the expense of an away-from-home college education has
become such excessively great that many students now attend local 4._______
schools. Even after graduation, young people find their wings clipped
by skyrocketing housing costs.
Living at home, says Knighton, a schoolteacher, continue to give 5._______
her security and moral support. Her mother agreed, “It’s ridiculous
for the kids pay all that money for rent. It makes sense for kids to 6._______
stay at home.” But sharing the family home requires adjustments for all.
There are the hassles over bathrooms, telephones and privacy. Some
families, therefore, manage the delicate balancing act. But for others, 7._______
it proves too easy. Michelle Del Turco, 24, has been home three times 8.______
-and left three times. “What I considered a social drink, my dad
considered an alcohol problem,” she explains. “He never liked anyone
I dated, so I either had to hide away or meet them at friends’ houses.”
Just how long should adult children live with their parents before
moving on? Most psychologists feel lengthy homecomings are a
mistake. Children, struggle to establish separate identities, can end 9.______
up with “a sense of inadequacy, defeat and failure.” And aging parents,
who should be enjoying some financial and personal freedom, find them 10.______
stuck with responsibilities. Many agree that brief visits, however, can
work beneficially.

参考答案及解析:

巩固与拓展

1. who -> that
本题强调的是状语in front of the religious leader,故引导词只能用that,并且不能省略。本题句意是:新郎、新娘通常就是一起站在宗教头领面前举行结婚。

2. questioning -> questioned
这句when后省略了I was。

3. one前加can
带有否定含义的状语In no country提前,主谓要倒装。这句话it had been said是插入语成分,主语和谓语分别是one和 experience,所以要在one前加can。这句话的意思是:除了英国之外没有一个国家能在一天内经历4个季节。

4. was -> / 或was前加she
while从句完整的应该是while she was an infant。根据英语中的省略规则,主从句主语一致、从句谓语包含be动词时,可以省略从句的主语和be动词,而不可以只省略主语。

5. he前加did
当only修饰的状语提前时,主句的主谓要倒装。故在he前加did。注:如果only修饰的是主语时,主谓不用倒装,例如:Only my sister can do this job.

综合训练

1. our-> their

2. by -> for