真题演练

The World Health Organization (WHO) says its ten-year
campaign to remove leprosy (麻风病) as a world health
problem has been successful. Doctor Brundtland, head of the
WHO, says a number of leprosy cases around the world has ___1___
been cut of ninety percent during the past ten years. She says ___2___
efforts are continuing to complete end the disease. ___3___
Leprosy is caused by bacteria spread through liquid from
the nose and mouth. The disease mainly effects the skin and ___4___
nerves. However, if leprosy is not treated it can cause permanent
damage for the skin, nerves, eyes, arms or legs. ___5___
In 1999, an international campaign began to end leprosy.
The WHO, governments of countries most affected by the
disease, and several other groups are part of the campaign.
This alliance guarantees that all leprosy patients, even they ___6___
are poor, have a right to the most modern treatment.
Doctor Brundtland says leprosy is no longer a disease
that requires life-long treatments by medical experts. Instead,
patients can take that is called a multi-drug therapy. This ___7___
modern treatment will cure leprosy in 6 to 12 months,
depend on the form of the disease. The treatment combines ___8___
several drugs taken daily or once a month. The WHO has
given multi-drug therapy to patients freely for the last five ___9___
years. The members of the alliance against leprosy plan to
target the countries which still threatened by leprosy. Among ___10___
the estimated 600,000 victims around the world, the WHO
believes about 70% are in India. The disease also remains a
problem in Africa and South America.

参考答案及解析:

1. a → the
此处指的是麻风病例的数量,主语是number,而非a number of cases。

2. of → by / about / around / nearly
Nine percent表示cut的幅度,而非削减的宾语,所以不能改为off /out /down。

3. complete → completely
此词修饰动词end,所以要用副词。

4. effects → affects
Sffect作动词时意为“产生,招致(某种结果);实现,完成”,但此处要表示“影响”,故应改为affects。

5. for → to
Cause / do damage to为固定搭配。

6. even 后加 if / though
Even单独使用时意为“甚至,更”,even if / though意为“即使,尽管”。根据意思的意思应该是“尽管麻风病病人贫穷,国际联盟也会保证他们会得到最好的治疗”。

7. that → what
本句take后面的句子应该名词性从句是作take的宾语,又因为该从句缺少主语,应该要用what而不用that。

8. depend → depending
本句已经有了谓语will cure,所以depend要改成现在分词形式作状语。

9. freely → free
Freely意为“自由地”,free意为“免费的,空闲的”,此处指的意思是“免费的”而非“自由地”

10. which 后加 are或去掉which
该定语从句的现行词countries与从句中的threatened应该是被动关系,所以要加上系动词are。或者去掉which直接用threatened作countries的定语。