本期练习重点:时态、语态、虚拟语气

1. I would rather you don’t do anything about it for the time ___1___
being.

2. The problems that discovered after the early investigation had ___2___
been finished caused the committee members to table the proposal
for the time being

3. When she was young, Rebecca seem to be unable communicate ___3___
with other people freely.

4. The law I am referring to requires everyone who owns a car has ___4___
accident insurance.

5. Mining was one of the first industries to established in the American ___5___
colonies.

6. The dying soldier had the message send straight to the commander. ___6___

7. In part, technology has caused the population explosion; many of us
won’t be alive if it were’t for advances in health, agriculture and ___7___
industry.

8. Advances in technology have changed people’s lives. Dishwashers
and washing machines do jobs that are once done by hand. ___8___

9. If we worked hard last night, we would have finished our job. ___9___

10. Tom has been to Philippine and Indonesia as well as all of Europe.
By the time he is 25 he have been almost everywhere. ___10___




参考答案及解析:

1. don’t -> didn’t
would rather后面的that从句中,谓语动词要用过去式表示虚拟。

2. discovered前加were或去掉that
题中that定语从句的先行词是problems,因此谓语动词要用被动语态,表示“调查完成后所(被)发现的问题”。或者去掉that,直接用discovered作problems的定语。

3. seem -> seemed

4. has -> have
此处I am referring to是修饰the law的定语从句,谓语是requires(要求)。在表示愿望(wish)、建议(suggest, advise, recommend)、请求、命令(order)等语气的词后面跟的从句,该从句的谓语动词形式均为should + 动词原形,should可以省略。本题The law I am referring to requires everyone who owns a car ( should) have accident insurance.,所以要把has改为have。

5. established前加be

6. send -> sent
此处是have sth done,表示“让..(被)做”。此处的意思是“消息(被)直接发去给司令”。

7. won’t -> wouldn’t
时间词now所表述的情况与现在事实相反,所以主句谓语动词应该用“would+动词原形”形式,表是虚拟。

8. are -> were
that 后面是修饰jobs的定语从句,在该从句里有时间状语once,表示“曾经,一度”,因此在从句里面的谓语动词要用过去时。

9. worked前加had
此句应用与过去事实相反的虚拟语气形式,故应将从句部分的谓语动词worked改为had worked。

10. have前加will
从句由by引导,主句应该用完成时。再根据By the time he is 25,表明Tom现在还没到25岁,因此主句要用将来完成时来表示将要完成的动作。本句句意为:到他25岁时他几乎去过世界所有地方了。