真题演练
Until recently, dyslexia and other reading problems were
a mystery to most teachers and parents. As a result, too many
kids passed through school without master the printed page. ___1___
Some were treated as mentally deficient: many were left
functionally illiterate (文盲的),unable to ever meet their
potential. But in the last several years, there’s been a
revolution in that we’ve learned about reading and dyslexia. ___2___
Scientists are using a variety of new imaging techniques to
watch the brain at work. Their experiments have shown that
reading disorders are most likely the result of what is, in an effect, ___3___
faulty wiring in the brain—not lazy, stupidity or a poor home ___4___
environment. There’s also convincing evidence which dyslexia ___5___
is largely inherited. It is now considered a chronic problem
for some kids, not just a “phase”. Scientists have also
discarded another old stereotype that almost all dyslexics are
boys. Studies indicate that many girls are affecting as well ___6___
and not getting help.
At same time, educational researchers have come up ___7___
with innovative teaching strategies for kids who are having
trouble learning to read. New screening tests are identifying
children at risk before they get discouraged by year of ___8___
frustration and failure. And educators are trying to get the
message to parents that they should be on the alert for the
first signs of potential problems.
It’s an urgent mission. Mass literacy is a relative new ___9___
social goal. A hundred years ago people didn’t need to be
good readers in order to earn a living. But in the Information
Age, no one can get by with knowing how to read well and ___10___
understand increasingly complex material.



答案及解析:

1. master → mastering
在介词without后面需要加上名词性质的词。此处master意为“掌握”,是动词,故要使用其动名词形式。

2. that → what
此处并不是定语从句,只是 “介词+宾语”的形式,只不过这里的宾语被从句代替了。这里的learned缺少了宾语,故用what来代替而形成一个名词性从句作in的宾语。What we’ve learned 意为“我们所了解到的东西”。

3. an → /
In effect / fact为固定搭配,表示陈述事实,意为“事实上,实际上”。

4. lazy → laziness
Lazy是形容词,此词与名词stupidity和a home environment并列,所以要用其名词形式laziness。

5. which → that
Evidnce后面是一个同位语从句,故要用引导词that。

6. affecting → affected
本句意思是:女孩子也会受(被)这种病影响。故要使用被动语态。

7. same前加the
固定搭配词组at the same time。

8. year → years
根据上下文,可得知应该是表达“数年”之意,故要改为复数形式。注:单数可数名词不可单独使用。

9. relative → relatively
此词要修饰形容词new,根据副词修饰形容词,所以将其改为relatively

10. with → without
根据上下文的逻辑判断,该句表示“但是在信息时代,不知道怎样去有效阅读和了解日益复杂的材料,没有人能够过得下去”。