本期练习重点:句子结构(一)[句子结构不完整、句子结构混乱]
1. Peter, who had been driving all day, suggested stop at the next town.___1___

2. The hours the children spend in their one-way relationship with
television people undoubtedly affecting their relationships with ___2___
real-life people

3. Whatever difficulties we may come across,
we will help one another to overcome. ___3___

4. Review their works will give us a much better feel for the wide ___4___
differences between the two schools of thought.

5. Deprive of the financial means to remain independent, Tomas ___5___
Edison was compelled to seek employment as a night telegraph
operator.

6. We grow all our own fruit and vegetables, it saves mony, of course.___6___
7. At three thousand feet, wide plains begin to appear, and there is
never a moment some distant mountain is not in sight.___7___

8. Some psychologists believe that those are encouraged to be ___8___
independent and competent in chldhood are more likely than
others to succeed.

9. With prices fluctuating so much, it difficult for the school to plan ___9___
a budget.

10. Studies show that the things contribute most to a sense of happiness ___10___
cannot be bought, such as a good family, friendship and work satisfaction.
 


答案及解析:
1. stop -> stopping
该句中有动词suggest,该词后接动词时,要用表达结构suggest doing sth,动名词作宾语。

2. affecting -> affect
分析句子结构可知,the children spend是作the hours的定语从句,整句话缺少谓语。根据句子的意思和主干,可知要把affecting改为affect作谓语。这句话的意思是:孩子们把时间花在与电视人物的单向交流上,这样无疑会影响到他们与真实生活中的人们交际。

3. overcome后加them
overcome意为“克服,战胜”,是及物动词,要加上宾语。

4. Review -> Reviewing
Reviewing用在句中与their work构成动名词短语作主语。

5. Deprive -> Deprived
该句的后半句是一个完整的句子,那么逗号前的句子应该是一个分词结构做状语,deprive of与其逻辑主语Tomas Edison之间是被动关系,因此要将Deprive改为Deprived。Deprive的用法是deprive sb of sth,意为“剥夺某人的…,使某人丧失….,免去某人…(职务)”。

6. it -> which
此处的it代表前面的整个句子。(非限定性定语从句)

7. moment后加when
意思是:海拔3000英尺的地方,宽阔的平原慢慢展示在人们面前,远处的群山无时无刻不映入你的眼帘。此处的moment与后面的句子应该是定语从句的关系,moment在从句中作时间状语,故应该在之间加引导词when。

8. those后加who或去掉are
Believe后是一个宾语从句,在该从句中出现了两个谓语are encouraged和are more likely,并且之间没有任何连词,在英语中不符合规范。根据句子的主干意思,are encouraged应该是修饰those的定语从句,故应该在those后加who。或者去掉are,直接用过去分词encouraged作those的定语。

9. it后加is

10. contribute前加that或which或contribute-> contributing
本题意思是:研究表明,最有助于产生幸福的东西是不能用钱买到的,例如,良好的家庭生活、友谊及在工作中获得的满足等。本题的错误与第8题一样,在一个句子出现了两个谓语,所以有一个必定是作修饰成分的。此处contribute most to a sense of happiness是作定语成分修饰the things,又因为things在从句中作主语,所以要加上引导词that或which。