本期重点:介词短语和固定搭配

介词短语就是由多个词构成的介词,如because of,in spite of等;固定搭配则指习语和一些常见的固定用法,即由名词、形容词、动词等和介词或者副词构成的短语,如influence on, different from, rely on 等。无论是介词短语还是固定搭配,考点常常对准介词,出现介词误用的情况;除此之外,对固定搭配的考查也常常涉及搭配中的冠词和名词单复数等问题,如将in contrast误用为in the contrast,keep one’s words误用为keep one’s word等等。

一、例题精析:

例1: But to sociologists, to be
human is to be cultured, because of culture is the common world S7.______
of experience we share with other members of our group.

解析:分析句子的结构可知,because of 后面是一个完整的句子。当表示原因时because of 后跟名词,because 后跟句子,所以此处的of应该去掉。


例2:If you are sending your CV electronically, check the
formatting by sending it to yourself first. Keep up S8_________
the format simple.

解析:keep up意为“坚持,维持”;keep表示“保持”,可以在后面加宾语及其补足语。

例3:As we know, smoking not only gives harm to smokers’ health, 1. __________
but also non-smokers who live with them.

解析:此处考查固定搭配do harm to,意为“对…有害”,所以此处的gives应改为does。

例4:There may be sound medical reasons for accepting electrical
shock treatment, but such reasons are totally dependent in the balance of 75. ____risks and benefits for the patients.

解析:dependent on 意思为“依靠,依赖”,而没有dependent in 这种用法。所以这里应该将in改为on。


二、巩固与拓展:

1.But we must keep in head the billions of dollars we might spend in carrying out the project
___________


2. In every home a stereo or television will fill the rooms sound and joy. __________


3. The family’s recreation and social life chiefly consisted a drive in the wagon _____
to the nearby small town or village to transact some business as well as to chat with neighbors who had also come to town.


4. Some manufacturers of coffee makers are trying to make advantage of this _____
trend by developing diminutive machines that brew(煮)small amounts of coffee.


5. In Africa, by instance, improved seed, more fertilizer and advanced __________
growing practices have more than doubled corn and wheat yields in an experiment.

三、综合训练

Unlike any earlier building complex anywhere in the world, Rocke-
Feller in New York City was built, not for a place where people could 1. _______
live in, but as a city in which they could work. It was one of the 2._______
smallest building projects of its kind, a city within city, and of the forerunner 3. ____
of projects that has sprung up all over the world. 30 architects, 120 draftsmen, 4. __
and hundreds of other artists and technicians are employed just to 5. ______
draft the plan. Before the buildings could be erect, 229 old buildings had 6. _____
to be emptied of 4,000 tenants and razed. Just to buy up the leases took
over two years and cost over $6,000,000. The unusual shape and setbacks
of the 70-story RCA building resulted primary from practical considerations 7. ______
such as lighting, the movement of people and the building’s services.
The lower concourse and basement level were set aside for shops. A
Sunken plaza, complete with yards and fountains, were designed to provide 8. ____
access in these shops. Today the plaza, which is used for ice-skating 9. _____
winter and dining and dancing in summer,
is one of the center’s most popular attraction. 10. _________