真题演练:

Culture refers to the social heritage of a people --- the learned
patterns for thinking, feeling and acting that characterize a
population or society, include the expression of these pattems in ___1____
material things. Culture is compose of nonmaterial culture --- ____2____
abstract creations like values, beliefs, customs and institutional
arrangements - and material culture - physical object like ____3____
cooking pots, computers and bathtubs. In sum, culture reflects
both the ideas we share or everything we make. In ordinary ____4____
speech, a person of culture is the individual can speak another ____5____
language - the person who is unfamiliar with the arts, music, ____6____
literature, philosophy, or history. But to sociologists, to be
human is to be cultured, because of culture is the common world ___7____
of experience we share with other members of our group.
Culture is essentially to our humanness. It provides a kind ____8____
of map for relating to others. Consider how you fred your way
about social life. How do you know how to act in a classroom,
or a department store, or toward a person who smiles or laugh ____9____
at you? Your culture supplies you by broad, standardized, ____10____
ready-made answers for dealing with each of these situations.
Therefore, if we know a person's culture, we can understand
and even predict a good deal of his behavior.

 

参考答案及解析:

1. include -> including

2. compose -> composed / comprised
此出的意思是“由…组成”,固定搭配有be composed / comprised of,be made up of,consist of。

3. object -> objects
Object是可是名词,一般说来可数名词以单数形式出现时要有不定代词或冠词修饰,而在此没有任何冠词,而且上下文对应的均使用了复数形式,所以应该把object改为复数。

4. or -> and
此处是固定搭配both…and…。

5. individual后加who / that
这句话出现了两个谓语动词,在英语中不符合语法规范。从上下文可以看出individual后面的部分是修饰individual的定语从句,缺少了引导词,所以应该加上who或that。

6. unfamiliar -> familiar
根据常识,“文化人”应该是“熟悉艺术、音乐…”的人,因此把否定改为肯定。

7. of -> /
表示原因时,because后跟从句,because of后跟名词性质的词或词组。此处是从句,所以把of去掉。

8. essentially -> essential
be后面的表语不能用副词。

9. laugh -> laughs
此处的smile和laugh是并列成分,作定语从句修饰person,又因为先行词person是单数,所以从句的谓语也要用单数。

10. by -> with
此处是固定搭配supply sb with sth

2007年12月英语六级短文改错(七)