本期重点:代词

代词主要考查其与所指代的名词是否一致;其次就是考查代词的混淆,例如作形式主语的话,要使用it,而that没有这个功能。

考点例析:

例1:The new houses, typically it the suburbs, were
often small and more or less identical, but it satisfied S9.________
a deep need.

解析:此处的代词指代的是前面的new houses,所以应该把it改为they.

例2:During the 1980s’ culture wars, school systems
across the country pulled some books from
library shelves because its content was deemed by 70._________
parents and teachers to be inappropriate.

解析:content前面的物主代词对应的是上一句的some books,所以应该用复数形式的物主代词their。
例3:Traditionally, the American farmer has always been independent
and hard-working. In the eighteenth century farmers were quite
self-sufficient. The farm family grew and made almost nothing it S1._______
needed. The surplus crop would be sold to buy a few items in the
local general store.

解析:上一句说“在18世纪农民是自给自足的”,那么接下去应该是“农民生产自己生活的一切东西”才符合逻辑,所以应该将nothing改成everything.

巩固与拓展

1.The Seattle Times Company is one newspaper firm that has
recognized the need for change and done something about it.
In the newspaper industry, papers must reflect the diversity
of the communities to which they provide information.
It must reflect that diversity with their news coverage or risk ___________
losing their readers’ interest and their advertisers’ support.

2. On my way home last Friday afternoon, I saw a young lady walking
slowly in the street with a hand bag in her hand. A young man riding
a bike came up, seized the bag suddenly and took her away __________

3. I keep a diary in English every day and my written English is
becoming better and better. I also try best to master the necessary __________
grammar knowledge. By this means, I can express me correctly. ____________
That’s how I have been learning English

4. In those days labor was fairly cheap and most people would
have thought worthwhile to have somebody repair their things __________

综合训练

There are many reasons for studying what philosophers have
said in the past. One is that we cannot divide the history of philosophy 1.____
from which of science. Philosophy is large discussion about matters 2.______
in which few people are quite certain, and those few hold opposite 3.______
opinions. As knowledge increases, philosophy buds off the sciences.
For example, in the ancient world and the Middle Ages philosophers
discuss motion. Aristole and St. Thomas Aquinas thought that a 4.______
move body would slow down unless a force were constantly applied to it 5.____
They were right. It goes on moving unless something slows it down. But 6.____
they had good arguments on their side, and if we study these and the
experiments proved them right, this will help us distinguish truth 7.____
from false in the scientific controversies of today. We also see how
philosophers reflects social life of his day. Plato and Aristole,
in the slave-owning society of ancient Greece, thought man’s high state 8._____
was contemplation rather than activity. In the Middle Ages St. Thomas
believed a regularly feudal system of nine ranks of angels. Herbert 9.______
Spencer, in the time of free competition between capitalists, found the key
to progress as the survival of the fittest. Thus Marxism is seeing to fit into 10.___
its place as the philosophy for the workers, the only class with a future.