本期重点:易混词

易混词主要考查近义词混用和形近词混淆。英语词汇中有很多词在拼写上、语义上很相似,如assure / ensure, rise / arise /raise, effect / affect, adopt / adapt,likely / probable,accept / receive,like / as,cost / spend等, 但是它们的用法却迥然不同。这些易混淆的词构成六级改错的一个重要错误类型。

考点例析:

例1: His persistence was awarded when the car finally started. ________

解析:句中“award”是“颁发,授予(奖赏)”之义,而文中想要表达的意思是“汽车终于启动了,那就是对他坚持不懈精神的回报。”应把award改成reward。

例2:A diversity committee composed of reporters, editors, and
photographers meets regularly to value the Seattle Times’ S5.________
content and to educate the rest of the newsroom staff about
diversity issues.

解析:动词value有两个含义:第一,to think that someone or something is important,比如I value our friendship。第二,to decide how much money something is worth,比如we decide to get this house valued。不论哪个含义,用于此都不适合。从文中可以推测这些人碰头人是为了judge how good, useful, or successful the paper is,因此要用evaluate。

例3:Leprosy is caused by bacteria spread through liquid from the nose
and mouth. The disease mainly effects the skin and nerves. S4.________

解析:effect 作动词时意为“产生,招致(某种结果);实现,完成”,但此处需要表示“影响”,故将effects -> affects.

hjnotes_welcome='认真答题者均有奖励'; 巩固与拓展

1. His success result from part in his ability to sell the product and
in part from his policy of expanding during periods of economical __________
decline, when most of his competitors were reducing their investments.

2. There is a train which leaves London at 5pm and
arrives Cambridge at 6:45pm. __________

3. In fact, psychologists adapt a similar approach to scientists in other fields ______

4. They are far more probable to report that they don’t have the time to ______
read the papers and have no interest in the content.

5. Ever since the enclosures, wool and then woolen cloth
had been the principle exports of England ________

综合训练

A “typical” British family used to consist of mother, father and two
children, and in recent years there have been many changes in family 1.____
life. Some of these have been caused by new laws and other 2. _____
are the result of changes in society. For example, for the law 3.___
made easier to get a divorce, the number of divorces has increased. 4. ______
In fact, one marriage in every three now end in divorce. This means that 5. ______
there are a lot of one-parent families. Society is now more tolerant than it
used to be with unmarried people, unmarried couples and single parents. 6._____
Another change has been caused by the fact people are living longer 7. ____
nowadays, and many old people lives alone following the death of their
partners. As a cause of these changes in the pattern of people’s lives, there 8.____
are many families consist of only one person or one person and children. .9._____
You might think that marriage and the families are not so popular as they
once are. However, the majority of divorced people marry again and they 10._____
sometimes take responsibility for a second family.