本期重点:时态、语态、虚拟语气

① 时态错误
在一篇结构完整、语义连续的短文中,时态的使用也应该连贯一致,但是英语表示时间时,主句和从句时态可能不一致,却仍表明完整正确的意思。这就要求考生对英语敏感,准确判断句中动作的时态。???

② 语态错误
在CET-6综合改错题中最常见的语态错误是被动语态被误用为主动语态。因为汉语表达习惯上有时不加“被”字也能表示被动,因而考生对被动语态不敏感。另外,不及物动词不能携带宾语,因而也就没有被动语态。?

③?虚拟语气错误
虚拟语气的使用错误在综合改错题中主要表现为主句和从句的语气不协调。?

考点例析:

例1:In the mid-1980s the frequency of infections and deaths started to
pick up again around theworld. Where tuberculosis vanished, it S8._______
came back

解析: 这句话的意思是:结核病在已经绝迹的地方又卷土重来。从句谓语动词发生在主 句 谓语动词came之前,所以要用过去完成时,故在vanished前加had。

例2:In the ancient world and the Middle Ages philosophers discuss motion. ________

解析:此句的时间状语是In the ancient world and the Middle Ages,所以谓语要用一般过去时,故将discuss改成discussed。

例3:She was very angry at not telling the truth when she listened to the account. _______

解析:句意:当她听这个叙述的时候,她很生气没有被告知真相。这里“她”是被告诉的对象,因而telling应改为being told。?

例4:We strongly suggest that Henry is told about his physical ___________
condition as soon as possible.

解析:句中动词suggest之后的从句应用虚拟语气,故“is”应改为“be”或“should be”。类似的动词还有demand, insist, order,等等。

巩固与拓展

1. Do not send a photo unless specifically requested. If you have to
send on ,make sure it is one taking in a professional setting, rather ___________
than a holiday snap.

2. If the operation have not been planned in advance, a great deal of _________
time and miney would have been lost.

3. Not only they bring snaks and drinks, but also they __________
brought cards for entertainment.

4. Scientists have also discarded another old stereotype that almost
all dyslexics are boys. Studies indicate that many girls are affecting __________
as well and not getting help.

5. The Rule here is to keep it factual and Truthful--exaggerations
usually get find out. And remember to tailor your CV to each ________
different job.

综合训练

The white House began to be built in 1792, but it
was not completed until ten years later. Every American president lived
in it except for George Washington, although he did have a ___1_____
majority part in designing it. ____2____
The government held a competition to choose the best
design for the president"s house. The winner was a young man of ____3___
South Carolina, James Hoban. His design was a three-level
house of stone. And President Washington made some changes
in the winning design. He made the house long and wider, and ____4___
changed it into a two-storied house instead of three.?
The second president, John Adams, was first to live in the _____5___
White House. When he and his wife moved onto the new house ____6____
in November, 1800, work was still going on, although the main
live area was completed. The whole work did not finish until the ____7____
administration of the 3rd president, Thomas Jefferson.?
Twelve years later, the British army invaded Washington
and burned the White House. The fire completely destroyed the
inside of the building and experts said the White House was so ____8____
dangerous to live in. Later on workers rebuilt the inside of the
White House. More offices were added, most of which underground. ___9____
None of the work, however, changed the appearing of ___10_____
the building. Many people asked why the president"s house is called
the White House. Historians say it has been so called simply because
it was painted white.