2006英语四级答案与试题 -- 新四级答案与试题
Part IV reading comprehension(reading in depth)
Directions: you may not use any of the words in the bank more than true.
Question 47 to 56 are based on the following passage.
EI NIno is name given to the masterious and often unpredictable change in the climate of the world.This strange ___47_____happens every five to eight years.It starts in the PAacific Ocean and is thought to be caused by a failure in the trade winds(信风)，which affects the ocean currents driven by these winds. As the trade winds lessen in ____48____,the ocean comperatures rise causing the Peru current flowing in form the east to warm up by as much as 5`C.
The warming of the ocean has far-reaching effects.The hot,humid(潮湿的)air over the ocean causes severe ___49___thunderstorms.The rainfall is increased acrossAounth American ____50____floods to Peru.In the West pacific,there are droughts affecting Australia and Indonesia.So while some parts of the world perpare for heavy rains and floods,other parts face drought,poor crops and____51____.
EI Nino usually lasts for about 18 months The 1982-83 EI Nino brough the most___52____weather in mordern history .Its effect was worldwide and it left more than 2,000 people dead and caused over eight billion pounds ____53___of damage.The 1990 EI Nino will ____55___,but they are still not __56___sure what leads to it or what affects how strong it will be.
47. P phenomenon
48. B strength
49. E tropical
50. L bringing
51. K starvation
52. J destructive
53. N worth
54. A estimate
55. O strike
56. I completely
Directions:There are 2 passage in this section .Eath passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements.For each of them there are four choises maked A) B) C)and D) .You should decide on the best choise and mark the corresponding letter
on Answer sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
Questions 57 to 61 ared based on the following passage.
Communications technologies are far from equal when it comes tp conveying the truth.The first study to tell lies in phone conversations as they are in emails.The fact that emails are antomatically recorded-and can come back to haunt(困扰)you. APPears to be the key to the finding.
Jeff Hancock of Cornell University in Ithaca,Mew York,asked 30 students to keep a communications diary for a week.In it they noted the number of conversations or email exchanges they had lasting more than 10 minutes,and confessed to how many lies they told.Hancock then worked out the numberof lies per conversation foe each medium .He found that lies made up 14 per cent of emails,21 per cent of instant messages,27 per cent of face-to-face interactions and an astonishing 37 per cent of phone calls.
Hankcock hopes his research will help companies work our the besr ways for their employees to communicate.For instance,the phone might be the best medium foe sales where employees are encouraged to stretch the truth.But ,given his result,work assessment where honesty is a priority,might be best done using email.
57.Hancock's study focuses on ____________.
A)the consequences of lying in various communcations media.
B)the success of communications technologies in conveying ideas.
C)people are less likely to lie in instant messages.
D)people 's honesty levels across a range of communications media.
58.Hancock's research finding surprised those who belived that________________.
A)people are less likely to lie in instant messages.
B)people are unlikely to lie in face-to-face interactions.
C)people are most likely to lie in email communication
D)People are twice as likely to lie in phone conversations.
59. According to the passage,why are people more likely to tell the truth through certain media of communication?
A)They are afraid of leaving behind traces of their lies.
B)They believe that honesty is the best policy.
C)They tend to be relaxeg when using those media.
D)They are most practised at those forms of communication.
60. According to Hancock the telephone is a preferable medium for premoting sales because____________.
A)Salemen can talk directly to their cunstomers.
B)Salemen may feel less restrained to exaggerate.
C)Salemen can impress customers as being trustworthy.
D)Salemen may pass on instant messages effectively.
61. It can be inferren from the passage that_____________.
A)Honesty should be encouraged in interpersonal communications
B)more employers will use emails to communicate with their employees
C)suitable media should be chosem for different communication perposes
D) email is now the dominant medium of communication within a company.