Part II Vocabulary and Structure (20 minutes)
Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

21 After the robbery, the shop installed a sophisticates alarm system as an insurance _________ further losses.
A) for B) from
C) against D) towards

22 ___________ the earth to be flat, many feared that Columbus would fall off the edge of the earth.
A) Having believed B) Believing
C) Believed D) Being believed

23 A healthy life is frequently thought to be _______ with the open countryside and homegrown food.
A) tied B) bound
C) involved D) associated

24 Sir Denis, who is 78, has made it known that much of his collection _________ to the nation.
A) has left B) is to leave
C) leaves D) is to be left

25 Before the first non-stop flight made in 1949, it ________ necessary for all planes to land for refueling.
A) would be B) has been
C) had been D) would have been

26 In Britain today women ______ 44% of the workhorse, and nearly half the mothers with children are in paid work.
A) build up B) stand for
C) make up D) conform to

27 __________ might be expected, the response to the question was very mixed.
A) As B) That
C) It D) What

28 If I correct someone, I will do it with as much good humor and self-restraint as if I were the one ____________.
A) to correct B) correcting
C) having corrected D) being corrected

29 Features such as height, weight, and skin color _______ from individual to individual and from face to face.
A) change B) vary
C) alter D) convert

30 I make notes in the back of my diary _________ thing to be mended or replaced.
A) by B) in
C) with D) of

31 The room is in a terrible mess; it _________ cleaned.
A) can’t have been B) mustn’t have been
C) shouldn’t have been D) wouldn’t have been

32 A well-written composition __________ good choice of words and clear organization among other things.
A) calls on B) calls for
C) calls up D) calls off

33 The traditional approach _________ with complex problems is to break them down into smaller, more easily managed problems.
A) to dealing B) in dealing
C) dealing D) to deal

34 It has been revealed that some government leaders _________ their authority and position to get illegal profits for themselves.
A) employ B) take
C) abuse D) overlook

35 We were struck by the extent ___________ which teachers’ decisions served the interests of the school rather than those of the students.
A) to B) for
C) in D) with

36 Shelly had prepared carefully for her biology examination so that she could be sure of passing it on her first________.
A) intention B) attempt
C) purpose D) desire

37 The ancient Egyptians are supposed _________ rockets to the moon.
A) to send B) to be sending
C) to have sent D) to have been sending

38 The store had to ___________ a number of clerks because sales were down.
A) lay out B) lay off
C) lay aside D) lay down

39 All the students in this class passed the English exam ________ the exception of Li Ming.
A) on B) in
C) for D) with

40 Young adults ________ older people are more likely to prefer pop songs.
A) other than B) more than
C) less than D) rather than

41 Writing is a slow process, requiring ________ thought, time, and effort.
A) significant B) considerable
C) enormous D) numerous

42 ___________ right now, she would get there on Sunday.
A) Would she leave B) If she leaves
C) Were she to leave D) If she had left

43 It’s already 5 o’clock now. Don’t you think it’s about time __________?
A) we are going home B) we go home
C) we went home D) we can go home

44 Lightning is a ________ of electrical current from a cloud to the ground or from one cloud to another.
A) rush B) rainbow
C) rack D) ribbon

45 Today, _________ major new products without conducting elaborate market research.
A) corporations hardly introduce ever
B) corporations hardly ever introduce
C) hardly corporations introduce ever
D) hardly corporations ever introduce