In the year 62 Vesuvius rumbled and heaved, but did not erupt. People set about rebuilding their shattered towns. They made rapid progress and life soon returned to normal. But worse was to follow.
Seventeen years later, early on the morning of 24 August AD 79, the people of Pompeii felt the earth shake violently beneath them and then, as they looked towards Vesuvius, the mountain exploded. Flames leaped into the sky followed by an unbrella cloud of poisonous smoke. Not long afterwards pieces of red-hot rock and dense clouds of ash began to cascade down the town.
The ash was thick and formed a layer which quickly rose up to the sides of the houses. There was panic. Some people tried to hide inside their houses, while others ran out of the town towards the sea. But the ash and the poisonous fumes were deasly. From the remains that have been found it is estimated that at least 2000 people, one-tenth of the population, were killed.
While the rest tried to escape, the ash and rocks continued to fall, until the whole of Pompeii was buried under a layer four or five metres deep. The ash covered everything: houses, gardens, animals and people. 庞贝与维苏威火山关系 庞贝遗物-两千年前壁画 活人石膏像：庞贝看点