The cohesiveness(内聚力 ) of a family seems to rely on members sharing certain routine prac- tices and events. For a growing share of the American labor force, however, working shifts beyond the normal daylight hours--what we here call "shift work"--makes the lives of families difficult.

  Existing shows that both male and female shift workers express high levels of stress and a sense of conflict between the demands of work and family life. But shift work couples still maintain a traditional attitude to the meaning of marriage and the individual roles of husband and wife. They expressed a willingness to do "whatever it takes" to approximate their view of a proper marriage,in- cluding sacrificing sleep and doing conventional things at unconventional hours. For the majority of couples interviewed, even when wives worked outside their homes, a proper marriage is character- ized by a very clear division of roles: husbands are "providers" whose major responsibility is to sup- port the family ;wives arc "homemakers" who clean, cook, and care for husbands and children.

  The women's definitions of a "good husband" are typified by the following wife's response:

  I expect him to be a good provider, and be there when I need him, loyal about the same things as he would expect out of me,expect that I expect him to dominate over me. But in a manner of speak- ing, wben it' s time to be a man I expect him to stand up instead of sitting back expecting me to do everything.To husbands,a good wife is someone who is:

  Understanding of what I feel go through at work. I need that respect at work,I hope I get it al work. I want my wife to realize what I expect at work. I don' t want her to give me a lot of shil when I come home from work because I don' t know if this makes much sense.

  These views seemed critical to maintain the families of the shift workers.

  31. Despite , shift work couples still hoped to maintain a stable life.

  [ A ] traditional beliefs about marriage

  [ B ] Jack of control over time

  [ C ] a very clear division of roles

  [ D ] the demands of work

  32. From the selection, we can conclude that female shift workers were NOT satisfied with

  [A] their work

  [ B ] their children

  [ C ] their husbands' inability to protect the family and provide companionship

  [D] leisure activities

  33. What is implied by the author?

  [ A 1 Shift work had a direct effect on the attitudes and behavior of family members.

  [ B ] Shift workers could live a normal life.

  [ C] Shift work couples had unconventional ideas about marriage.

  [ D ] Female shift workers were satisfied with the time spent together with their families.

  34. In order to continue the marriages of the shift workers,

  [ A] wives must learn to care for the children when their husbands are absent

  [ B ] shift work couples must administer their time and activities

  [ C ] wives mustn' t adapt their own feelings of boredom to their husbands'

  [ D ] all of thesework

  35. The best title for this paragraph is

  [ A ] Constructing Family Life

  [ B ] Managing Time and Activities

  [ C ] The Meaning of Marriage

  [ D ] Living a Normal Life






  她要理解我在工作中的感受。我需要在工作时受尊重,我希望能在工作中找到受尊重的感觉。我要我的妻子明白我对工作的期望。我可不想每天下班回家的时候,她唠叨个没完洇为我也不知道这是否有意义。 以上的观点对于维护那些轮班工作的夫妻家庭是至关重要的。


  31.B【解析】“shiftwork”意为“working shifts beyond the normal daylighthours”。而A、C选项中“traditional beliefs about marmge”,“a veryclear division of roles”均为“a stable life”的一部分,不符合题意。

  32.c【解析】由文中“the women'S definitions of a good husband”可以看出C为正确答案。

  33.A【解析】由文章主旨句“shiftwork makes the lives of families difficult”可知选A。