Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension
Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.
Pursuing a career is an essential part of adolescent development. "The adolescent becomes an adult when he_____(27)a real job." To cognitive researchers like Piaget, adulthood meant the beginning of an_____(28).
Piaget argued that once adolescents enter the world of work, their newly acquired ability to from hypotheses allows them to create representations that are too ideal. The_____(29)of such ideals, without the tempering of the reality of a job or profession, rapidly leads adolescents to become_____(30)of the non-idealistic world and to press for reform in a characteristically adolescent way. Piaget said: "True adaptation to society comes_____(31)when the adolescent reformer attempts to put his ideas to work."
Of course, youthful idealism is often courageous, and no one likes to give up dreams. Perhaps, taken_____(32)out of context, Piaget's statement seems harsh. What he was_____(33), however, is the way reality can modify idealistic views. Some people refer to such modification as maturity. Piaget argued that attaining and accepting a vocation is one of the best ways modify idealized views and to mature.
As careers and vocations become less available during times of_____(34)， adolescents may be especially hard hit. Such difficult economic times may leave many adolescents _____(35)about their roles in society. For this reason, community interventions and government job programs that offer summer and vacation work are not only economically____(36)but also help to stimulate the adolescent's sense of worth.
Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension
Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage.
The robotics revolution is set to bring humans face to face with an old fear-man-made creations as smart and capable as we are without a moral compass. As robots take on ever more complex roles, the question naturally_____(27). Who will be responsible when they do something wrong? Manufacturers? Users? Software writers? The answer depends on the robot.
Robots already save us time, money and energy. In the future, they will improve our health care, social welfare and standard of living. The _____(28)of computational power and engineering advances will _____(29)enable lower-cost in-home care for the disabled,_____(30)use of driverless cars that may reduce drunk and distracted-driving accidents and countless home and service-industry uses from street cleaning to food preparation.
But there are _____(31)to be problems. Robot cars will crash. A drone (遥控飞行器)operator will _____(32)someone's privacy. A robotic lawn mower(割草机)will run over a neighbor's cat. Juries sympathetic to the _____(33)of machines will punish entrepreneurs with company-crushing _____(34)and damages What should government do to protect people while _____(35), space for innovation?
Big. complicated systems on which much public safety depends, like driverless cars, should be built _____(36)and sold by manufacturers who take responsibility for ensuring safety and are liable for accidents. Governments should set safety requirements and then let insurers price the risk of the robots based on the manufacturer's driving record. not the passenger's.