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10.4 Cinquain(continued)
 
The American poet Adelaide Crapsey(18781914), influenced by the Japanese haiku 
 
and tanka, invented a special variation of cinquain. It is a simple poem of five-lines without 
 
rhyme. The line lengths are varied, respectively being two syllables in the first line, four 
 
in the second, six in the third, eight in the fourth, and two in the fifth. Following is an 
 
example by Adelaide Crapsey: 
 
Triad
These be
Three silent things:
The falling snow...the hour
Before the dawn...the mouth of one
Just dead.
 
    There have appeared many variations of cinquain since its invention by Adelaide Crapsey. 
 
Here are introduced two of the modern forms along with examples.
 
Cinquain Form 1
Watermelon
Watermelon
Juicy, sweet
Dripping, slurping, smacking
So messy to eat
Yummy
 
Snow
Snow
Lovely, white
Falling, dancing, drifting
Covering everything it touches
Blanket
 
Castle 
Castle
Strong, beautiful
Imposing, protecting, watching
Symbolizes wealth and power
Fortress
 
    From the examples above, we come to see that, instead of incorporating stress and syllables,  It uses words. Such form of cinquain is very popular because of its simplicity. 
The first line is one word which serves as the title of the poem; the second line contains two
words which are adjectives that describe the title; the third line has three words that tell 
the reader more about the subject of the poem or shows action, and many times these words 
are gerunds that end with “ing”; the fourth line has four words that show emotions about the subject of the poem and may be individual words or a phrase; the fifth line is one word that 
is a synonym of the title or is very similar to it.
More examples:
 
Brother
Brother
Beautiful, athletic
Teasing, shouting, laughing
Friend and enemy too
Mine
 
Summer 
Summer
Sleepy,salty
Drying,drooping,dreading
Week in,week out
Endless
 
Cinquain Form 2
Acrobats
Acrobats
Flexible, amusing
Flipping, twirling, jumping
They make me laugh
Performers
 
Star
Star
Hot, radiant
Shining, burning, exploding
It gives life to everything
Sun
 
Penguins 
Penguins
White, black
Waddling, swimming, eating
They are playing in the water
Emperors
 
This form is just slightly different from the first form in that the fourth line is a complete 
 
sentence and may have more than four words. 
 
    The first line is one word. The second line contains two adjectives. The third line has three words ending in “ing”. The fourth line has four or more words that make a complete sentence. The fifth line is one word.
 
    Cinquains are particularly vivid in their imagery, and are meant to convey a certain mood or 
emotion.