Recommendations for the 13th Five-Year Plan for Economic and Social Development
(Adopted at the Fifth Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on October 29, 2015)
The first of the Two Centenary Goals set by the Communist Party of China (CPC) was to make Chinse society moderately prosperous in all respects by 2020. The period covered by the 13th Five-Year Plan for Economic and Social Development (2016-2020) will be decisive for seeing that this goal is achieved. As such, the 13th Five-Year Plan should be formulated with this goal firmly in mind.
Based on their comprehensive analysis of the situations both in China and abroad, the participants of the Fifth Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee concluded that while conditions are quite sufficient, many formidable tasks remain in ensuring that Chinese society becomes moderately prosperous in all respects within the set time frame, and that we must, on the basis of the foundations laid since the founding of the People’s Republic of China and particularly since the beginning of reform and opening up, strengthen our confidence and press ahead to achieve this goal. On the strength of their research into the major development issues China will face during the 13th Five-Year Plan period, the participants put forward the following recommendations.
I. An Overview of the Situation and Our Guiding Thought
1. Major achievements during the 12th Five-Year Plan period (2011-2015)
The period covered by the 12th Five-Year Plan for Economic and Social Development has been an extraordinary time for development in China. Facing a complicated international environment and the challenging tasks of reform, development, and stability at home, the CPC has united and led the Chinese people in working tirelessly and with creativity, making further progress for the cause of the Party and the country.
We have responded effectively to major risks and challenges such as the lingering effects of the global financial crisis. In adapting to the new normal in economic development, we have worked constantly to come up with new methods of macroeconomic regulation and have pushed ahead to form a positive situation characterized by an improved economic structure, a shift in the forces that drive growth, and an acceleration of the transition to a new growth model. China has maintained its position as the world’s second-largest economy, with an average per capita GDP for its more than 1.3 billion people increasing to approximately US $7,800. The value-added of the tertiary industry now accounts for a greater proportion of GDP than that of the secondary industry. Infrastructure has been improved across the board. Agricultural output has continuously increased. The rate of permanent urban residents has reached 55% of the population. A number of world-class advances have been made in science and technology. The system for public services has been basically established, and coverage has continued to expand. Job creation has remained on the rise. The number of people living in poverty has been reduced by a significant margin. New ground has been gained in making ecological progress. Living standards and quality of life have seen rapid improvement. Strong headway has been made in efforts to comprehensively deepen reform. We have seen constant expansion of the people’s democracy. China has embarked on a new journey to see governance exercised in accordance with the rule of law. Major headway has been made in China’s all-round diplomacy. Progress has consistently been made in the opening up of the country, and China has become the world’s number one trader of goods and a major power in terms of outbound investment. The Chinese Dream of the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation and the core socialist values have gained a firm place in the hearts of the people. China’s soft power has continued to develop in strength. Notable achievements have been made in military reform with Chinese characteristics, and new steps have been taken to strengthen and revitalize the armed forces. The all-around strengthening of Party self-conduct has entered a new phase. Further progress has been made in increasing Party members’ awareness of the Party’s mass line, improving Party conduct, and building a clean government, which has won support from Party members and the people alike. China’s economic strength, scientific and technological capabilities, defense capabilities, and international influence have all reached new heights, and the goals of the 12th Five-Year Plan will soon be achieved.
Of particular importance is that since the Party’s 18th National Congress, the CPC Central Committee headed by General Secretary Xi Jinping has remained committed to upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics, has been bold in putting ideas into practice and adept at making innovations, and has deepened its understanding of the principles governing the CPC’s governance, the development of socialism, and the development of human society. With this, it has developed new ideas and strategies for the governance of the country which will serve as effective theoretical guidance and a guide to action as we deepen reform and opening up and accelerate socialist modernization under the new historical conditions.