爱思英语编者按:刚刚结束的党的十八届五中全会提出要坚持绿色发展,推动形成绿色发展方式和生活方式。本期术语围绕生态文明建设主题,选取了18条术语,一起来学习吧!
 
党的十八大明确提出把生态文明建设放在突出地位,融入经济建设、政治建设、文化建设、社会建设各方面和全过程,努力建设美丽中国,实现中华民族永续发展。刚刚结束的党的十八届五中全会提出要坚持绿色发展,推动形成绿色发展方式和生活方式。本期术语围绕生态文明建设主题,选取了18条术语,涉及生态文明建设的目标、理念、基本方针、实现路径、体制机制、政策措施等。这些术语主要选自《生态文明体制改革总体方案》、《中共中央关于制定国民经济和社会发展第十三个五年规划的建议》等文献。
 
自然.jpg
 
人与自然和谐发展
humankind develops in harmony with nature; harmonious development between man and nature
 
生命共同体
a community of life
 
生态文明
ecological progress; ecological conservation; eco-civilization
 
生态文化
eco-culture
 
国家生态安全
national ecological security
 
全球生态安全
global ecological security
 
生态文明制度体系
institutional framework for promoting ecological progress
 
【例】到2020年,构建起由自然资源资产产权制度、国土空间开发保护制度等八项制度构成的生态文明制度体系。
By 2020, an institutional framework composed of eight systems will have been established for promoting ecological progress, including a property rights system for natural resource assets and a system for developing and protecting territorial space.
 
生态文明体制改革
reform for promoting ecological progress
 
【例】紧紧围绕建设美丽中国,深化生态文明体制改革,加快建立生态文明制度,推动形成人与自然和谐发展现代化建设新格局。
To build a beautiful China, we will deepen reform to promote ecological progress and move faster to establish related systems so as to create a new model of modernization that ensures humanity develops in harmony with nature.
 
绿色发展、循环发展、低碳发展
green, circular, and low-carbon development
 
节约优先、保护优先、自然恢复为主
give high priority to conserving resources, protecting the environment, and letting nature restore itself
 
生态保护红线
ecological conservation redline
 
国家公园体制
national park system
 
资源有偿使用和生态补偿制度
system for payment-based resource use and compensation for ecological conservation
 
跨区域、跨流域生态补偿机制
mechanism for trans-regional and cross-watershed compensation for ecological conservation
 
生态文明绩效评价考核和责任追究
ecological conservation performance assessment and accountability
 
生态环境损害责任终身追究制
system of lifelong accountability for ecological and environmental damage
 
污染物排放许可制
permit system for pollutants emissions
 
绿水青山就是金山银山
Lucid waters and lush mountains are invaluable assets.