1. James Ⅰ , a firm believer in the Divine Right of Kings, would have preferred on Parliament at all and actually did without one for seven years.


2. It was at this Parliament that the king was forced to accept the Petition of Right regarded as the second Magna Carta.


3. On August 22, 1642, the First Civil War began. The king’s men were called Cavaliers, and the supporters of Parliament were called Roundheads.


4. Charles was tried by a High Court of Justice, found guilty of have levied war against his kingdom and the Parliament, condemned to death, and executed on a scaffold outside the Banqueting House at Whitehall on January 30, 1649.


5. The English Civil War not only overthrew feudal system in England but also shocked the foundation of the feudal rule in Europe.