2015英语专八人文知识介绍:过渡时期的英国(二)

英语专八人文知识需要考生基本了解主要英语国家的地理、历史、现状、文化传统以及英语文学知识和英语语言知识。新东方在线整理了2015英语专八人文知识介绍:过渡时期的英国供考生参考练习。

1. When Mary Tudor became Queen after Edward, she attempted to forcibly recovert England to Roman Catholicism. People call her “Blood Mary”。

玛丽都铎再爱德华后当上女王,她试图强迫人们重新皈依罗马天主教。人们叫她“血腥玛丽”。

2. Elizabeth’s reign was a time of confident English national and of great achievements in literature and other acts, in exploration and in battle.

伊丽莎白统治时期,人民自信,民族主义高涨,在文学和其它艺术方面,在探险和对外作战方面都取得了巨大成功。

3. Elizabeth’s religious reform was a compromise of views. She broke Mary’s ties with Rome and restored her father’s independent Church of England.

伊丽莎白的宗教改革是各种观点的妥协,她中断玛丽与罗马的关系,恢复父王独立的英格兰教会。

4. For nearly 30 years Elizabeth successfully played against each other the two great Catholic powers, France and Spain.

将近30年来,伊丽莎白成功地令两大天主教强国法国和西班牙互相争斗,从而免于英国卷入任何主要的欧洲国的冲突。

5. The destruction of Spanish Armada showed England’s superiority as a naval power. It enabled England to become a great trading and colonizing country in the years to come.

西班牙无敌舰队的灭亡表明英国海上强国的优势,使英国在随后的几年能成为强大的贸易和殖民国。