41. Geoffrey Chaucer’s best known work is the Canterbury Tales which describes a group of pilgrims traveling to Canterbury to visitTomas Becket’s tomb.

杰佛利乔叟的名著《坎特伯雷故事集》描述了一群朝圣者到坎特伯雷参观托马斯贝克特坟墓的旅行。

42. The baron’s charter, or Magna Carta, as it came to be known was presented by a delegation of their class to the king and his advisers in the summer of 1215.

1215年夏天,贵族代表团把他们的宪章——后以大宪章闻名——递交给国王和他的顾问团们。

43. A committee of 24 barons plus the Mayor of London was chosen to help the king carry out the Charter, with the right of declaring war on him should he break its provisions.

由24名贵族和伦敦市市长组成的委员会帮助国王执行大宪章,若国王违反规定,他们有权对国王宣战。

44. Magna Carta was a statement of feudal and legal relationship between the crown and the barons, a guarantee of the freedom of the church and a limitation of the power of the king.

大宪章陈述的是国王与贵族间的封建和法律关系,保证了教会自由和限制了王权。

45. While the king Henry Ⅲ and Prince Edward were keep in prison, Simon de Montfort summoned in 1265 the great council to meet at Westminster which developed later into the Lords and the Commons known as a parliament.

1265年当亨利三世国王和爱德华王子被关入监狱,西蒙德孟福尔在威斯敏斯特召集大议会,大议会发展到后来演变为议会,分为上议院和下议院。