2015英语专八人文知识介绍:英国的形成(一)

英语专八人文知识需要考生基本了解主要英语国家的地理、历史、现状、文化传统以及英语文学知识和英语语言知识。新东方在线整理了2015英语专八人文知识介绍:英国的形成供考生参考练习。

35. William replaced the witan , the council of the Anglo-Saxon kings, with the Grand Council of his new tenants-in-chief.

威廉用由他的土地承租人组成的大议会取代了安各鲁撒克逊国王的顾问团-贤人会议。

36. The Doomsday Book, completed in 1086, was the result of general survey of England made in 1085, and stated the extent , value, the population, state of cultivation and ownership.

《末日审判书》完成于1086年,它记录了1085年进行的英国总调查结果。此册陈述了土地的范围、价值、人口、耕种情况和所有权。

37. William’s policy towards the church was to keep it completely under his control, but at the same time to uphold its power.

威廉对教会的政策是完全控制的同时,赞成它拥有权利。

38. Henry Π was the first king of the House of Plantagenet. He took measures to bring the disorders of king Stephen reign to an end.

亨利二世是金雀花王朝的首位国王。他采取措施结束了史蒂芬森国王统治时期的混乱局面。

39. Henry Π greatly strengthened the King’s Court and extended with its judicial work. He insisted that all clerks charged with criminal offences should be tried in the King’s Courts instead of in the Bishop’s Court.

亨利二世大大加强了王室法庭的力量并扩展了司法工作。他坚持被控刑事犯罪的教士都应在国王法庭受审而不是在主教法庭受审。

40. It was these exceptional privileges enjoyed by the clergy that brought King Henry into collision with Tomas Becket, the Archbishop of Canterbury.

正是神职人员享有的特权导致了亨利国王和坎特伯雷大主教托马斯贝克特之间的冲突。