2015英语专八人文知识介绍:英国的起源(二)

英语专八人文知识需要考生基本了解主要英语国家的地理、历史、现状、文化传统以及英语文学知识和英语语言知识。新东方在线整理了2015英语专八人文知识介绍:英国的起源供考生参考练习。

26. In the mid-5th century a new wave of invaders, Jutes, Saxons, and Angles came to Britain, they were three Teutonic tribes.

五世纪中叶,朱特人,撒克逊人和安各鲁人不断入侵英国。这是三支日尔曼部落。

27. These seven principal kingdoms of Kent, Essex, Sussex, Essex, East Anglia, Mercia and Northumbria have given the name of Heptarch.

这七个主要的王国:肯特、威塞克斯、苏塞克斯、埃赛克斯、东安各鲁,麦西亚和诺森薄利亚合称七王国。

28. At the beginning of ninth century, under their king Egbert the West Saxons of defeated the Mercies. In 829, Egbert became an overlord of all the England.

九世纪初,在国王埃格伯特的带领下,西撒克逊人打败了麦西亚人。829年,埃格伯特成了整个英国的最高君主。

29. In 597, pope Gregory I sent st.Augustine to England to convert the heathen English to Christianity. Augustine was remarkably successfully in converting the king and the nobility.

597年,教皇格里高利派遣圣奥古斯廷去英格兰,使异教徒的英国人皈依基督教。在使国王和贵族皈依基督教方面,圣奥古斯廷特别成功。

30. Alferd, king of Wessex, was strong enough to defeat the Danes. He is known as the “father of Britain navy”.

威塞克斯的国王阿尔佛雷德非常强大,打败了丹麦人,他以“英国海军之父”闻名于史。