爱思英语编者按:很多人都尝试用看美剧的方式提高英语水平,但却发现收效胜微。其实并不是边看边学不可行,只是你没有找对方法,今天来自纽约的Paul Mains就来以大家最熟悉的《老友记》为例,讲解边看边学的3个步奏。

Improve Your English by Watching Friends – 3 Steps on How to Actively Watch TV Shows

Many learners watch films and follow TV series in English. However, many often feel guilty and think that they should be doing something more worthwhile to work on their English. In this post, Paul Mains proves how you can improve your English Language Skills whilst watching your favourite TV show.

Given the widespread availability of episodes from popular TV series on YouTube and Netflix, it’s likely that you’ve probably seen some English-language TV shows. That’s great! For several reasons, watching English TV series is one of the best ways to improve your English language skills. In addition to showing you the language that people really use in everyday life, TV shows are are great entertainment, which helps with your motivation. You’ll feel much more inspired to learn English when you can do so by watching your favorite shows!

While sitting back, relaxing, and watching TV is a good way to expose yourself to the English language, this kind of passive watching won’t help you improve your English nearly as much as if you put a little effort into it. Indeed, by actively watching TV series, you can gain an incredible amount of useful vocabulary, common expressions, and even grammar points — without ever opening a textbook.

片段选自《老友记》第十季第8集(14:30——17:00):

 

Step 1: Write It Down

Nothing makes the words stick in your memory like actually writing down what the characters are saying. Often times, being able to see what the characters say will help you follow the dialogue better, as well as help you memorize certain phrases for your own future use.

For beginners, try watching the episode with English subtitles (available on Netflix and YouTube), and using them as a guide when you don’t catch everything that the characters are saying. However, one of the hidden benefits of TV being available on the Internet is that you can quickly and easily rewind a given scene as many times as you’d like! Therefore, if you don’t understand something, you can listen to it again and again until you have your a-ha! moment, and everything becomes clear.

Once you’ve written down some dialogue, you’re ready to get to the meat of active listening: the analysis.

Step 2: Analyze, Analyze, Analyze

Are you ready for some active listening? Click the link above to get started! This time, I’ll write down the dialogue for you, and we’ll analyze together. You’ll discover that we can already learn a great deal from just the first ten seconds of the scene:

 Ross: Come on, you guys, we’re sorry! Our subway broke down!

Chandler: That’s a lie! You went to the game — I can see Joey’s hand!

Ross: For the love of God, take it off!

In this three small lines of dialogue, we can already see two useful and common phrasal verbs: break down and take (something) off. The phrasal verb break down is used to when machines or vehicles stop working properly — like Ross’s subway, which caused him to be late. And to take something off means to remove an article of clothing. In this case, Ross is telling Joey to take off his foam hand, which are sold at baseball games.

We also see a colloquial expression, for the love of God. This phrase is used when you are exasperated or frustrated, and you’re pleading with somebody. For example, you might say to the characters on Friends, “For the love of God, speak more slowly!”

Later in the scene, Rachel suggests that they eat a dish that Monica had put into the oven earlier that day:

Monica: You touch that and you’ll be sorry!

Chandler: I’d listen to her. The vein is bigger than I’ve ever seen it!

First, we can see that Monica is angry. In this scene, she’s using expressions — You’ll be sorry! – that are popular for making threats. “You’ll be sorry!” is a synonym of another common expression when threatening somebody: “You’ll regret it!”

If you’re listening closely, you’ll notice that Chandler says, “I’d listen to her”, which contains a contracted version of the modal would. This is an excellent example of using would to give advice. When Chandler says, “I’d listen to her,” he’s really using a second conditional construction like the following: “If I were you, I’d listen to her.” However, in spoken English, it’s not necessary to include “If I were you”.

Finally, when Chandler talks about Monica’s vein (which presumably appears due to her anger), he provides a great instance of the present perfect tense in action. By combining the present perfect (I have seen) with the adverb of time (ever), he emphasizes the fact that, in that moment, Monica’s vein is bigger than it has been at any other moment in time. Scary!

At the end of the scene, Joey tries to make amends by apologizing to Monica and Chandler:

Joey: Hey listen, guys, we feel really terrible.

Chandler: He’s doing that weird eye contact thing. Don’t look at him!

Joey: C’mon, guys! We want you to know we’re very, very sorry. Right guys?

Here, Joey is making an apology, and uses some very common language to express regret: We feel terrible and We’re very sorry. You’ll often hear people say these phrases when they are apologizing for something.

Something else you’ll notice is that Joey uses the word guys to refer to all of his friends — even Monica and Rachel, who are women. English does not have an official second-person plural pronoun, so English speakers have to get creative. In many dialects of English, “guys” is used to refer to a group of people in the second person, regardless of their gender. For instance, on a Friday evening, you might ask your friends, “Hey guys, what are we doing tonight?”

I want to make one final point about pronunciation. Chandler tells Monica to not look at Joey: “Don’t look at him! Don’t look at him!” However, in spoken English, the pronunciation of at him gets shortened — Chandler omits the “h” and “i” sounds, and ends up saying something that sounds like, “Don’t look at’m!” This type of word reduction is exceedingly common in casual spoken English.

Step 3: Use the Language in Real Life

In just a two-minute clip, we’ve learned about verb tenses, modals, phrasal verbs, personal pronouns, making threats, expressing regret, and some popular colloquial expressions. Not bad, eh?

Indeed, we’ve put a lot of work into analyzing a scene from Friends, and it’s time to reap the benefits! Now that you have your new vocabulary and grammar points written down in front of you, it’s time to use them with your English-speaking friends. If you’re giving advice to a friend, try using the modal would to tell them what you’d do if you were in their place. Try talking about the best movies that you’ve ever seen, or the most interesting places that you’ve ever visited. By actually engaging with the language that you learn in TV shows, you’ll be sure to memorize it. Actively watch an episode of TV each day, and observe how quickly your English will progress!

Finally, don’t forget to monitor your progress. Learning a language is a very long and slow process, and as such, it’s hard to appreciate the progress that you make. Try taking an English listening test after finishing a season of an English-language TV show — you’ll be surprised at how much your comprehension will improve.

老友记全十季