常见阅读考点出处之三 — 特殊标记
例1：In the past few years, prominent schools around the world have joined the trend. In 2003, when Cambridge University appointed Alison Richard, another former Yale provost, as its vice-chancellor, the university publicly stressed that in her previous job she had overseen(监督) “a major strengthening of Yale’s financial position.” (2009.12, cet4)
65. Cambridge University appointed Alison Richard as its vice-chancellor chiefly because _____.
A. she was known to be good at raising money
B. she could help strengthen its ties with Yale
C. she knew how to attract students overseas
D. she had boosted Yale’s academic status
【解析】文中提到，剑桥大学于2003年任命Alison Richard为副校长，而句中publicly stressed(公开强调)之后的内容即为任命她的原因，便是：在以前的岗位上她的监管使得“耶鲁的财政地位得到显著加强”。所以，推理可知，答案为A。
例2：Richard Got professor of astrophysics at Princeton, hopes man will set up a self-sufficient colony on Mars, which would be a “life insurance policy against whatever catastrophes, natural or otherwise, might occur on Earth. (2008.6, cet6)
66. According to Princeton professor Richard Gott, by setting up a self-sufficient colony on Mars, Humans_____.
A. might survive all catastrophes on earth
B. might acquire ample natural resources
C. will be able to travel to Mars freely
D. will move there to live a better life
【解析】题干中setting up a self-sufficient colony on Mars可在原文中直接找到，原文中which引导的定语从句表示的内容就是setting up a self-sufficient colony on Mars所带来的影响：人类能够应对地球上各种各样的灾难从而幸存下来。A选项中的survive all catastrophes on earth 是对原文的同义转述。