常见阅读考点出处之二 —— 逻辑关系:并列、因果

除了最熟悉的转折以外,逻辑关系还包含:并列、举例、因果、递进等等。而紧排在转折之后,相对在历年真题中较多出现的考查处,分别是:并列和因果。

常见表并列的词语:and, while(同时), meanwhile, also;

值得注意的是:两个句子之间用分号(;)隔开,也表并列。

常见表因果的词语:because, why, the reason, for, so, since, as a result等。

同样值得注意的是:当why引导一个问句时,考点出处往往是紧接着回答此问题的句子或相邻的几个罗列点或相连几段话的首句。

并列和因果都比较难以察觉,需要同学平时练习过程中就有意识地对这两种逻辑关系进行关注。

真题再现

大家先试试身手,不会的话,记得找出真题,再做一遍哟!

例1:(并列)They weren't looking for cured meats, organic produce or beautiful presentation; they were looking for whatever they could get their hands on, and this prioritisation of quantity over quality prevailed for decades, meaning a generation was brought up with food that couldn't compete with neighbouring France, Italy, Belgium or Spain.(2011.6, cet 4)

53. Why couldn't Britain compete with some of its neighbouring countries in terms of food in the post-war decades?

A. Its food lacked variety.

B. Its people cared more for quantity.

C. It was short of well-trained chefs.

D. It didn't have flavourful food ingredients.

【答案】B

【解析】本段后半部分提到,这种只重数量不重质量的习惯持续了几十年,这意味着一代英国人是被无法和邻近的法国、意大利、比利时和西班牙相媲美的食物养 大的。由此可知,英国食物无法跟邻国竞争是因为英国人只重数量不重质量。B选项是对原文中“prioritisation of quantity over quality”的同意转述。

例2:(因果)American tourists, however, shouldn’t expect any relief soon. The dollar lost strength the way many marriages break up- slowly, and then all at once. And currencies don’t turn on a dime. So if you want to avoid the pain inflicted by the increasingly pathetic dollar, cancel that summer vacation to England and look to New England. There, the dollar is still treated with a little respect.

55. What is the author’s advice to Americans?

A. They treat the dollar with a little respect

B. They try to win in the weak-dollar gamble

C. They vacation at home rather than abroad

D. They treasure their marriages all the more.

【答案】C

【解析】面对美元贬值给美国人带来的民族自尊上的困扰,作者给美国人提出建议:如果想要避免困扰,最好取消去英国的旅行,转而前往新英格兰(美国的一个地区)旅行。换句话说,作者建议取消去国外的旅行,转而在国内旅行。