改革后的大学英语四级阅读新增的长篇阅读题型,是段落信息匹配题。篇章后附有10个句子,每句一题。每句所含的信息出自篇章的某一段落,要求考生找出与每句所含信息相匹配的段落。有的段落可能对应两题,有的段落可能不对应任何一题。以下是小编为大家整理的2014年英语六级阅读段落信息匹配题练习,供各位考生参考。

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Sugar—Friend VS Enemy
A) Sugar is everywhere. It’s in our drinks, it’s in our foods, and it’s hidden in places we never would think of. Many would call sugar their friend in time of need, but in fact their so-called “good friend” could turn out to be their worst enemy in disguise. Sugar for many is something they may have been battling with for a long time. Here’s a simple three-step process to help you start to win back the battle for your health.
B) The first step is to be aware of what sugar really does to your body. Most people will say they “know” that they shouldn’t have sugar, but they really can’t help it. To me that is a lack of true awareness of what sugar does to oneself. I don+t think many people will say that they want to hurt their body on purpose, but unless they know it’s really happening they will continue down that road. Sugar is slower to impact our health, and it,s that slow destructive process that is the most dangerous. Unfortunately, most people don’t know the damage until it has already been done.
C) Sugar increases fat storing. Possibly the most important hormone in the body is insulin (胰岛素),when it comes to weight loss and health. Insulin is the main hormone that we have full control over daily through our diet and lifestyle. When we eat sugar and it enters into our bloodstream too quickly, we have a spike in blood sugar levels. Now in times of high activity we are able to burn it off, but if we are sitting around this is not a good thing. So in response to that high level of blood sugar, the body will release more insulin into the bloodstream. Insulin will then take the excess glucose (葡萄糖)and try to find a place to store it. If your muscles are all full or have insulin resistance) then the best place to put the excess glucose is fat cells. When insulin is high, the fat cells are told to shut down any process of releasing stored fat into the blood for burning. With chronic high insulin spikes comes a resistance to it by your cells, leading to more insulin production, leading to more fat storing, and more resistance, eventually going down a road of diabetes and ill health for the whole body.
D) Sugar also disrupts normal brain function. I think most people can relate to mood swings and energy highs/lows that come after a high sugar meal. Sugar can also be the source of many people’s increased anxiety and depression. Let us not also forget the kids with ever-increasing attention “disorders” and behavioral issues. Sugar is not helping with that, either. In fact, there have been many studies that show when taking sugar out of a kid’s diet and increasing fat intake, their attention ability increases, their behavior changes for the better.
E) Sugar decreases your overall health and makes you age quicker. Too much sugar will lower your overall immune system increase destructive inflammation, lead to essential mineral deficiencies in the body, feed bad bacteria growth in your gut and other wonderful stuff. Aging is just a fancy word for the body breaking down quicker than it can repair itself, as that is what happens when we get older. Aging also is accelerated by the increasing risks of all degenerative diseases such as diabetes, osteoporosis, heart disease and cancers. We are all going to get older, but it doesn’t mean that we have to “age” quicker.
F) The second step is to realize you are in 100% control of your actions. This could be the most underrated yet the most important step, as we are the only person who controls what we put into our body. Everything starts in what we choose to put in our mouths. Some people may say they can’t control their sugar cravings, but that is already admitting defeat and giving up power to some “cosmic sugar influence” out there. We can pass on dessert, we don’t need to buy a candy bar, we can drink water instead of soda, but the choice is ours to make.
G) Also many like to call it an “addiction”. This is just another way to give up your own personal power of choice. While sugar can have “addictive like” qualities, it’s not something that you own or is a part of you. Fight the battle and you will get over the addictive feelings, they will go away. But if you call it an addiction and make it part of you, then it is yours to keep forever. Be free from it, let go. Take back control and anything is possible.
H) The third step is to just live the daily journey one choice at a time. Life is just a series of present moments, and the choices we make in those moments. So let,s just focus on what we can do right now instead of worrying about what has happened in the past or may or may not happen in the future. “Now” is all we have and all we need to focus on.
I) Choose to eat more natural foods. Choose whole food proteins, healthy fats and natural sources of carbohydrates. If it wasn’t around a thousand years ago or is made by man (and not nature), chances are you don’t need it. Note how it says “Choose” above, as it is your choice. Find the hidden sources of sugars and remove them. Sugar is hidden in places such as sauces, ketchup, soups, processed foods, drinks, so called health bars, and more. Become a label reader and see how much sugar you are consistently putting into your body. Don’t fall for the marketing trick either of “low fat”, because that usually means “more sugar”.
1. We are able to lower blood sugar levels by taking part in intense activities.
2. If you consider sugar as an addiction and call it something that you own, you won"t get rid of it forever.
3. In the author’s opinion, the reason why many people can$t help having sugar is that they are unaware of its danger.
4. When insulin in the bloodstream is high, fat cells will stop releasing stored fat.
5. The author believes that sugar which we called “good friend” in time of need in fact is a hidden enemy.
6. Many studies show that sugar-free diets with more fat can improve children’s attention ability.
7. The truth that we get older is that our body breaks down faster than it can be self¬repaired.
8. You yield to your addictive feelings, which means you give up your own personal power of choice.
9. The author believes that taking high sugar meals may result in mood fluctuation.
10. To be healthy, what we should do now is to eat natural foods and get rid of the hidden sources of sugars.
文章精要
糖类食品无处不在,影响了人们的健康。作者建议人们做到以下三个步骤, 以保证健康的生活:第一,真正了解糖对人体的危害;第二,完全控制自己吃糖 的欲望;第三,做到健康饮食,远离糖类食品。
答案解析
1. c 本题是对c段第四、五句话的总结。文章提到,我们吃下的糖很快会进人 血液中,导致体内的血糖水平达到峰值,而进行剧烈运动可以降低这个峰 值。题目中的intense activities与文中的high activity同义;题目中的lower和 原文中的burn off属于同义转述。
2. G 本题信息来自G段倒数第三句话。题目中的consider…as对应原文的call it;
题目中的call it something that you own 对应原文的make it part of you;题目 中的won’t get rid of对应原文的keep。
3. B 本题信息是对B段前三句的总结。文章指出,大多数人都知道不应该吃
糖,但是他们忍不住,在作者看来,他们缺乏对糖的害处的真正认识。题 目中的 unaware of its danger是对原文 lack of true awareness of what sugar does to oneself的同义转述。
4. C 本题信息来自C段倒数第二句话。文章指出,当血液中胰岛素的含量很高时,脂肪细胞就会停止将储存的脂肪释放到血液中消耗掉,题目中的stop 对应原文中的shut down any process of。
5. A 本题信息来自A段的第三句话,此句是一个用but连接的前后语义转折句。
文章指出,很多人在需要糖的时候把它们当作朋友,但事实上,糖是披着 “好朋友”外衣的最糟糕的敌人,题目中的hidden与原文中的in disguise相 对应。
6. D 本题信息来自D段最后一句话。文章指出,事实上有许多研究表明,去掉儿童饮食中的糖分,增加脂肪摄入,可以增强他们的注意力。题目中的 sugar-free diets with more fat对应原文的 when taking sugar out of a kid’s diet and increasing fat intake ;题目中的 improve children’s attention ability对应原 文的their attention ability increases。
7. E 本题信息来自E段第三句话。文章提到,所谓衰老就是身体的衰退速度比
其自身的修复速度快,随着我们年龄的增长,衰老一直在进行着。题目中 的The truth对应原文的is just a fancy word for;题目中的faster than对应原 文的quicker than。
8. F 本题信息来自F段第四句话。文章提到,许多人忍不住吃糖,把这称之为上瘾,其实这就是以另一种方式放弃了个人的选择权。可以理解成你不能 控制自己的选择,被欲望控制了。题目中的yield to对应原文的defeat。
9. D 本题信息来自D段第二句话。文章提到,作者认为大多数人在吃过含糖量高的食物后,都经历过情绪波动,或者精力水平或高或低。题目中的result in对应原文的relate to;题目中的mood fluctuation对应原文的mood swings。
10. I本题信息来自I段的第一句话和第五句话。I段第一句话提到,我们要选择吃绿色天然食品,接着提出要找到食物中隐藏的糖,然后将它们除掉。题 目中的get rid of对应原文中的remove。