To be called beautiful is thought to name something essential to women’s character and concerns. (In contrast by men- whose __1__ essence is to be strong, or effective, or competent.)

It does not  need someone in the throes of feminist awareness to perceive that __2__ the way women are taught to be involved in beauty encourages __3__ narcissism, reinforces independence and immaturity.

Everybody knows __4__ that. For it is “everybody”, a whole society, which has identified __5__ being feminine with caring about how one looks.

Giving these __6__ stereotypes, it is no wonder that beauty enjoys, at best, a rather mixed reputation.

It is not, of course, the desire to be beautiful is wrong but the __7__  obligation to be. Women are taught to see their bodies in parts, and to assess each part separately.

Breasts, feet, hips, waistline, neck, __8__ eyes, nose, complexion, hair, and so on–each by turn is submitted __9__ to an anxious scrutiny. Even if some pass the scrutiny, some will always be found wanted. Nothing less than perfection will do. __10__

参考答案及解析:

1.by改为 to/with

词组 in contrast to/ with 表示“与……相比”,不能用其他介词。

2. need改为take

虽然need的汉语意思是“需要”,但英语中It takes 往往作为一个固定搭配,表示“做某事需要某物或者某种品质”。

3.in改为with

be involved in 表示“介入,参与”,后面一般跟事。

而 be involved with 则表示“和……有关系,有关联”,后面一般跟人。

如: He was involved in a car accident.

I never wanted to get emotionally involved with him.

4.independence改为dependence。

5.which改为that

句子的主干是 it is…that…表示强调。

6.giving改为given

given 一词后面接名词词组可表示“考虑到,鉴于…”。

7.beautiful 后面加that

此句同样也是一个强调句型,后面须跟that引导的从句。

8.assess改为evaluate

assess往往指对某物在金钱上的价值进行权威的评估。

如: We should assess an apartment on the amount for which it is likely to be rented.

本句话指每一个平常的女性对自己身体的每一部分进行评判,评价,应该用evaluate,因为该词表示对事物的本质或价值进行判断,如:

Teachers evaluate a student’s thesis for content and organization.

9.by改为in

by turns 表示“交替地,轮番地 ”。 in turn 表示一系列动作按照一定顺序发生,或者某人先后做某事。根据题意,这里要用in turn。

10. wanted改为wanting

to find something or somebody wanting 表示“(某物或某人)缺乏应有的素质,不够格”。

wanted往往指“被通缉”或者“被爱,被照顾的”。