Part Ⅳ CLOZE ［15 MIN.］
Decide which of the choices given below would best complete the passage if inserted in the corresponding blanks. Mark the best choice for each blank on your answer sheet.?
The normal human daily cycle of activity is of some 7-8 hours' sleep alternation with some 16-17 hours' wakefulness and that the sleep normally coincides(26) ____ the hours of darkness. Our present concern is with how easily and to what extent this(27)____ can be modified.?
The question is no mere academic one. The ease with which people can change from working in the day to working at night is a(28)____ of growing importance in industry where automation(29)____ round-the-clock working of machines. It normally(30)____ from five days to one week for a person to adapt to a?(31)____? routine of sleep and wakefulness, sleeping during the day and working at night. ?(32)____,? it is often the case in industry that shifts are changed every week. This means that no sooner has he got used to one routine(33)____ he has to change to another, (34)____ much of his time is spent neither working nor sleeping very(35) ____.?
One answer would seem to be(36)____ periods on each shift, a month, or even three months. (37)____, recent research has shown that people on such systems will revert to go back to their(38)____ habits of sleep and wakefulness during the week-end and that this is quite enough to destroy any(39)____ to night work built up during the week. The only real solution appears to be to hand over the night shift to those permanent night workers whose(40)____ may persist through all week-ends and holidays.
26.A.in B.with C.of D.over??
27.A.cycle B.period C.circle D.round???
28.A.problem B.difficulty C.trouble D.matter??
29.A.asks B.invites C.calls for D.reacts to?
30.A.takes B.spends C.demands D.asks?
31.A.former B.returned C.reversed D.regular??
32.A.Therefore B.Unfortunately?C.In a word D.In comparison??
33.A.as B.when C.then D.than?
34.A.though B.so that C.while D.as?
35.A.efficiently B.good C.easily D.happily?
36.A.shorter B.better C.longer D.nicer??
37.A.So B.In short C.Similarly D.However??
38.A.new B.normal C.temporary D.favourite??
39.A.change B.return C.adaptation D.tendency???
40.A.wakefulness B.sleep C.preference D.habit
Part Ⅴ GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY ［15 MIN.］
There are twenty-five items in this section. Beneath each sentence there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Choose one that best completes the sentence.?
Mark your answers on your answer sheet.??
41.That trumpet player was certainly loud. But I wasn't bothered by his loudness ____ by his lack of talent.?
A. so much as B. rather than C. as D. than?
42.____, I'll marry him all the same.?
A. Was he rich or poor B. Whethere rich or poor?
C. Were he rich or poor D. Be he rich or poor?
43.The government has promised to do ____ lies in its power to ease the hardships of the victims in the flood-stricken area.?
A. however B. whichever C. whatever D. wherever
44.____ if I had arrived yesterday without letting you know beforehand??
A. Would you be surprised B. Were you surprised?
C. Had you been surprised D. Would you have been surprised?
45.If not ____ with the respect he feels due to him, Jack gets very ill-tempered and grumbles all the time.?
A. being treated B. treated?
C. be treated D. having been treated?
46.It is imperative that students ____ their term papers on time.?
A. hand in B. would hand in ?
C. have to hand in D. handed in?
47.The less the surface of the ground yields to the weight of a fully-loaded truck, ____ to the truck.?
A. the greater stress is B. greater is the stress?
C. the stress is greater D. the greater the stress
48.The Minister of Finance is believed ____ of imposing new taxes to raise extra revenue.?
A. that he is thinking B. to be thinking?
C. that he is to think D. to think?
49.Issues of price, place, promotion, and product are ____ conventional concerns in planning marketing strategies.?
A. these of the most B. most of those?
C. among the most D. among the many of?
50.____ both sides accept the agreement ____ a lasting peace be established in this region.
A. Only if, will B. If only, would?
C. Should, will D. Unless, would?
51.Mr Wells, together with all the members of his family, ____ for Europe this afternoon.?
A. are to leave B. are leaving C. is leaving D. leave
52.It was suggested that all government ministers should ____ information on their financial interests.?
A. discover B. uncover C. tell D. disclose
53.As my exams are coming next week, I'll take advantage of the weekend to ____ on some reading.?
A. catch up B. clear up C. make up D. pick up
54.I'm surprised they are no longer on speaking terms. It's not like either of them to bear a ____.?
A. disgust B. curse C. grudge D. hatred?
55.Mary hopes to be ____ from hospital next week.?
A. dismissed B. discharged C.expelled D. resigned?
56.Once a picture is proved to be a forgery, it becomes quite ____.?
A. invaluable B. priceless C. unworthy D.worthless?
57.Jimmy earns his living by ____ works of art in the museum.?
A. recovering B. restoring C. renewing D. reviving?
58.I couldn't sleep last night because the tap in the bathroom was ____.?
A. draining B. dropping C. spilling D. dripping
59.The book gives a brief ____ of the course of his research up till now.?
A. outline B. reference C. frame D. outlook?
60.She was sanding outside in the snow, ____ with cold.?
A. spinning B. shivering C. shaking D. staggering?
61.All the rooms on the second floor have nicely ____ carpets, which are included in the price of the house.?
A. adapted B. equipped C. suited D. fitted?
62.He plays tinnis to the ____ of all other sports.?
A. eradication B. exclusion C. extension D. inclusion?
63.She answered with an ____ "No" to the request that she attend the public hearing.
A. eloquent B. effective C. emotional D. emphatic?
64.Everyone who has visited the city agrees that it is ____ with life.?
A. vibrant B. violent C. energetic D. full?
65.We met Mary and her husband at a party two months ago. ____ we've had no further communication.?
A. Thereof B. Thereby C. Thereafter D. Thereabouts
Part Ⅵ READING COMPREHENSION ［30 MIN.］
SECTION A READING COMPREHENSION ［25 MIN.］
In this section there are four passages followed by questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that you think is the best answer.?
Mark your answers on your answer sheet.??
It often happens that a number of applicants with almost identical qualifications and experience all apply for the same position. In their educational background, special skills and work experience, there is little, if anything, to choose between half a dozen candidates. How then does the employer make a choice? Usually on the basis of an interview.?
There are many arguments for and against the interview as a selection procedure. The main argument against it is that it results in a wholly subjective decision. As often as not, emplyers do not choose the best candidate, they choose the candidate who makes a good first impression on them. Some employers, of course, reply to this argument by saying that they have become so experienced in interviewing staff that they are able to make a sound assessment of each candidate's likely performance. The main argument in favour of the interview - and it is, perhaps, a good argument - is that an employer is concerned not only with a candidate's ability, but with the suitability of his or her personality for the particular work situation. Many employers, for example, will overlook occasional inefficiencies from their secretary provided she has a pleasant personality.?
It is perhas true to say, therefore, that the real purpose of an interview is not to assess the assssable aspects of each candidate but to make a guess at the more intangible things, such as personality, character and social ability. Unfortunately, both for the employers and applicants for jobs, there are many people of great ability who simply do not interview well. There are also, of course, people who interview extremely well, but are later found to be very unsatisfactory employees. Candidates who interview well tend to be quietly confident, but never boastful; direct and straightforward in their questions and answers; cheerful and friendly, but never over-familiar; and sincerely enthusiastic and optimistic. Candidates who interview badly tend to be at either end of the spectrum of human behaviour. They are either very shy or over-confident. They show either a lack of enthusiasm or an excess of it. They either talk too little or never stop talking. They are either over-polite or rudely abrupt.?
66.We can infer from the passage that an employer might tolerate his secretary's occasional mistakes, if the latter is ____?
A. direct. B. cheerful. C. shy. D. capable.?
67.What is the author's attitude towards the interview as a selection procedure?
A. Unclear. B. Negative. C. Objective. D. Indifferent.
68.According to the passage, people argue over the interview as a selection procedure mainly because they have ____.?
A. different selection procedures?
B. different puposes in the interview?
C. different standards for competence?
D. different experiences in interviews?
69.The purpose of the last paragraph is to indicate ____.?
A. a link between success in interview and personality?
B. connections between work abilities and personality?
C. differences in interview experience?
D. differences in personal behaviour