阅读理解 A

PART Ⅵ READING COMPREHENSION?
SECTION A READING COMPREHENSION?

TEXT A ?

短文大意:这篇文章讲的是现代的日用家电产品的缺陷,它们只是改变了家务劳动的方式,而不能真正节省时间,且其商业广告具有很强的误导性和迷惑性。?
66.答案:B?
【参考译文】根据短文,许多被认为可以解放妇女的家电产品如何??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】本题可从文中第二、三句找到答案"Machines have a certain novelty value... but the time saved does not really amount to much... "即家用电器具有一定的新颖的价值,但是并不能节省多少时间。故选项B为正确答案。?

67.答案:A?
【参考译文】根据上下文,capital investment指的是什么钱??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】短文第四句话说"It would be more liberating to pack it all off to alaundry... since no capital investment is required."即与其在家使用洗衣机这么麻烦,还不如直接把衣服送到洗衣店。那样也不需要基本投资。由此可知,capital investment指购买洗衣机所需的花费。故选项A为正确答案。?

68. 答案:D?
【参考译文】在女性杂志上做广告的产品的真正目的什么??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】文中在提到女性杂志上的广告时讲到"on no account hint at the notion that a woman could get herself a job,but instead foster her sense of her own usefulness,emphasizing the creative aspect of her function as a housewife."即决不要使家庭主妇意识到那将会多一份劳动,反而要使她感觉自己很能干,强调她作为家庭主妇的创造才能。这说明这些广告都利用了家庭主妇的心理弱点,给她们造成了一种虚假的满足感。故选项D为正确答案。?

TEXT B ?

短文大意:这篇文章首先介绍了决定一个国家生活水平高低的主要因素,还详细论述了影响国内财富生产能力的因素。?

69. 答案:C?
【参考译文】一个国家的生活标准是由什么决定的??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】短文第一段第二句说"A country's standard of living,therefore,depends first and foremost on its capacity to produce wealth。"即生活标准的高低最主要的取决于国内生产财富的能力。故选项C为正确答案。?

70. 答案:A?
【参考译文】下列哪一项不是一个国家的财富生产能力的决定因素??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】文中第三段提到"... the ability to turn them to use... Sound and stable political conditions, and freedom from foreign invasion, enable a country to develop its natural resources peacefully and steadily, ... the technical efficiency of a country's people"故选项B、C、D都是决定一个国家财富生产能力的因素,只有选项A不是决定因素,故为正确答案。?

71. 答案:D?

【参考译文】根据短文,在决定一个国家的生活水平高低这一点上扮演同样重要角色的是什么??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】短文最后一段提说"A country's standard of living does not only depend upon the wealth that is produced and consumed within its own borders,but also upon what is indirectly produced through international trade."即生活标准不仅取决于国内财富生产能力,也取决于通过国际贸易获取财富的能力。国际贸易能力也就是进出口能力,故选项D为正确答案。?

TEXT C ?

短文大意:这篇有关时尚的文章介绍了不断变化发展的时尚,包括媒体的宣传,促使时尚变化的因素以及时尚的循环模式等,指出了现在人们追求时尚更加随意和自由。?
72. 答案:C?
【参考译文】作者认为人们怎样??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】短文第一段第二句说"Few of us are content to accept ourselves as we are,and few are brave enough to ignore the trends of fashion."即人们都不会满足于自己的现状,并且都不会忽视对于时尚趋势的关注。由此可知,作者认为很少有人忽视时尚潮流。?

73. 答案:A?
【参考译文】时尚杂志和电视广告似乎将时尚与什么联系在一起??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】短文第二段说"they tell us,we will be able to meet new people with confidence and deal with every situation confidently and without embarrassment。"由此可见,时尚杂志和电视广告是把时尚与自信联系在一起。?

74. 答案:B
【参考译文】时尚的变化因素怎样??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
详细解答】短文第三段提到了多种促成时尚变化的因素,如 convenience,practical necessity及the fancy of an influential person等,因此促成时尚变化的因素是多变的。

75. 答案:D?
【参考译文】当今社会更自由更随意是因为它强调什么??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】短文倒数第二段告诉我们"It is no longer necessary to dress like everyone else.Within reason,you can dress as you like or do your hair the way you like instead of the way you should because it is the fashion。"即你可以按自己的喜好穿衣,留自己喜欢的发型,而不必考虑时尚,所以说,现在的社会并不一味推崇时尚,它强调的是个人喜好,即个性。故选项D为正确答案。?

76.答案:A?
【参考译文】短文最后一段的主要观点是什么??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】最后一段的首句为该段的主题句,即"At the same time, appearance is still important in certain circumstances and then we must choose our clothes carefully."即外表有时也很重要,在有些场合我们穿着必须慎重。故选项A为正确答案。?

TEXT D ?

短文大意:这篇文章介绍体育文化的全球化及商业化运作现象,分析了其全球化、商业化的原因。?

77. 答案:C?
【参考译文】体育文化的全球化意味着什么??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】短文第二段说"Just a few years back it was a strictly continental affair with France...But in recent years it has been dominated by...",由此可见体育文化的全球化使许多国内的体育运动项目将走向世界。故选项C为正确答案。?

78. 答案:B?
【参考译文】下列哪一项与大规模的变化无关??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】短文第四段说"This is undoubtedly an economic based revolution... one made possible by communications technology,but made to happen because of marketing considerations."这里提到了"好的经济收益","通讯技术"及"市场策略的支持",没有提到"体育运动的复兴" 故选项B为正确答案。?

79. 答案:D?
【参考译文】作者对于把英式足球改变为4场25分钟的比赛的态度如何??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】短文倒数第二段最后一句说"The idea is unashamedly to capture more advertising revenue,without giving any thought for the integrity of a sport which relies for its essence on the flowing nature of the action."作者认为这做只是为了获得更多的广告收入,而破坏了足球运动的完整性及精彩性,这种做法是可耻的,由此可见作者是持批评的态度。?

80. 答案:B?
【参考译文】人们为何喜欢看高水平的体育比赛??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】短文最后一段第一句有"as sports expand into world markets,and as our choice of sports as consumers also grows,so we will demand to see them played at a higher and higher level."据此知体育正扩展到全球市场,我们作为消费者对体育的选择也在增长,因此我们要求看到更高水平的比赛。故选项B为正确答案。?

阅读理解 B

TEXT E ?

短文大意:这篇短文向我们介绍的是防备小偷的方法。?

81.答案:A?

【参考译文】该短文的写作意图是什么??

【试题分析】本题为主旨题。?

【详细解答】从"Pickpockets operate in crowded places.... Don't make it easy for them"以及"co-operate with the police by reporting any crime..."可以看出这篇文章

主要教人们如何警惕扒手,故选项A为正确答案。?

TEXT F ?

短文大意:这篇短文介绍的是中国由传统灌溉向现代灌溉方法的转变。?

82. 答案:B?

【参考译文】这篇短文的主题是什么??

【试题分析】本题为主旨题。?

【详细解答】短文第一段谈到"some of the traditional Chinese methods have wasted an astonishing amount of water."第二段谈"The low utilization efficiency has resulted from the adoption of some traditional Chinese irrigation methods."其他两段也都谈到了"modern irrigation methods",可见这篇短文的中心论题就是irrigation methods。?

TEXT G ?

短文大意:这是写给朋友的一封有关个人假期旅行计划的信。?

83.答案:D?

【参考译文】这封信是关于什么的??

【试题分析】本题为主旨题。?

【详细解答】本题问的是这封信的内容。信中提到"Here are my holiday plans.I'll leave on a tour of South-east Asia..."由此可知,这是一份假期到东南亚旅行的计划,信中详细列出了日期及旅行路线。?

TEXT H ?

短文大意:这篇短文介绍的是旅行中应注意的问题。?

84.答案:A?

【参考译文】谁会看这篇手册节选??

【试题分析】本题为主旨题。?

【详细解答】从第一句"Even if you are only going on a day trip...",以及"Bathing will cool you but remember" 可知,旅游者会看这篇手册节选。?

TEXT I ?

短文大意:这是一篇有关最近的文化艺术表演活动的海报。?

85. 答案:C?

【参考译文】爱尔兰舞蹈团在6月23日至25日期间将演出几场呢??

【试题分析】本题为细节题。?

【详细解答】海报第三段告诉我们"the dancing troupe will give three performances at the Century theatre."由此可知,正确答案为选项C。?

86. 答案:B?

【参考译文】钢琴独奏中将不会演出谁的作品呢??

【试题分析】本题为细节题。?

【详细解答】在介绍钢琴独奏(Piano solos)时,海报中提及"... by Liszt, ...by Mozart...,by Chopin,...by Brahms."只有Schumann没有提到,由此可知将不会演出Schumann的作品。?

TEXT J ?

短文大意:这是一则有关举办贵阳习俗及风景知识竞赛的通知。?

87. 答案:D?

【参考译文】竞赛的截止日期是哪一天??

【试题分析】本题为细节题。?

【详细解答】文中有"The deadline for the competition is June 15." 由此可知,正确答案为选项D。?

88. 答案:A?

【参考译文】六名幸运的获胜者将会怎样??

【试题分析】本题为细节题。?

【详细解答】文章最后一句说"The six lucky winners will be invited to visit Guiyang from August 8 to 18."由此可知,他们将游览贵阳。?

TEXT K ?

短文大意:这是一个航班时刻表,列出了两家航空公司的航班信息。?

89. 答案:D?

【参考译文】如果想在星期六乘坐Air France公司的航班去上海,应该乘座哪一班机呢??

【试题分析】本题为细节题。?

【详细解答】在"Air France"下找到终点站Shanghai,对应的班机为AFll2,在星期六可以乘坐。?

90. 答案:B?

【参考译文】Lufthansa公司是否每天都有航班来往于北京和法兰克福之间??

【试题分析】本题为细节题。?

【详细解答】。在"Lufthansa"下发现"1-7 Beijing Frankfurt LH721...; 1-7 Frankfurt Beijing LH720...",所以答案是肯定的,即从星期一到星期天每天都有班机在两地之间来往。