四、阅读理解 A

TEXT A

短文大意:这篇文章通过一次调查,反映了当孩子们生病住院时,医院里的教学问题。?
66.答案:B?
【参考译文】作者在文章开头指出了什么??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】在第一段中,作者告诉我们说"没有人知道有多少孩子在医院里能接受到教育,更少有人知道教育的内容和教学质量",这与选项B"not enough is known about hospital teaching"的意思一致。?

67.答案:D?
【参考译文】由最后一次调查可以推知什么??
【试题分析】本题为细节理解题。?
【详细解答】短文第三段第二、三句说"It is found that half the hospitals in England which admit children have no teacher. A further quarter have only a part-time teacher."由此可知,一半的医院没有老师,四分之一的医院有兼职老师,那么剩余的四分之一的医院就有全职老师了。?

68. 答案:B?
【参考译文】为了赶上学校的功课,住院的孩子常常求助于谁??
【试题分析】本题为细节理解题。?
【详细解答】短文第六段第一句说"Children tend to rely on concerned school friends to keep in touch with school work",由此可知,他们求助的是同学们。?

69. 答案:C?
【参考译文】我们可以推知作者是何态度??
【试题分析】本题为概括题。?
【详细解答】 作者一开头就用Surprisingly一词,清楚表达了对医院教育现状的态度。然后通过具体的调查结果,表明了对医院里儿童教学现状的不满。?

TEXT B ?

短文大意:本文介绍了"英国电脑城"的特点和功用。?

70.答案:B?
【参考译文】根据David Tebbutt的观点,"英国电脑城"的目的是什么??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】短文第二段最后一句说"...Computertown UK was formed for just the opposite reason, to bring computers to the people and make them‘people-literate'",由此可知,其目的是使得电脑"能理解人"(people-literate),使电脑更好地为人们服务,故选项B 为正确答案。?

71. 答案:B?
【参考译文】由该短文可知,美国的电脑城是什么??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】短文第三段中第二句说"Albrecht had started a project called Computertown USA in the local library...",由此可直接选出答案B。?

72. 答案:C?
【参考译文】下列哪种说法是错误的??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】短文第四段第二、三句说"...they are most successful when tied to a computer club. He insists there is a vast and important difference between the two, although they complement each other."它告诉了我们,computertowns和computerclubs是有区别而互补的,由此可知,选项C的说法是错误的,故答案应选C。?

73.答案:A?
【参考译文】下列哪一项不是computertowns的优点??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】短文第五段第二句说"The computer experts have to learn not to tell people about computers,but have to be able to explain the answers to the questions that people really want to know."这与选项A "give lectures and talks on computers"相矛盾,而其它几项优点在本段都提到了,故选项A 为正确答案。 ?


TEXT C ?

短文大意:本文讨论的是关于人们睡眠长短的问题。?

74. 答案:D?
【参考译文】作者似乎暗示什么??
【试题分析】本题为细节理解题。?
【详细解答】短文首句说"There must be few questions on which responsible opinionis so utterly divided as on that of how much sleep we ought to have."意思是说"很少有问题像睡眠多长时间为适量这一问题那样存在如此大的意见分歧",由此可以推知选项D为正确答案。?

75. 答案:A?
【参考译文】作者为何不同意Dr.Burton的意见??
【试题分析】本题为细节理解题。?
【详细解答】由短文第一段第四句说"If he is right many people must be undersleeping, including myself."要是按照Dr.Burton的说法,很多人就一定是睡眠不足,由此可知,作者认为实际情况并非如此,也就是说很少的人如此,故答案选A。?

76. 答案:D?
【参考译文】在文章的最后一段,作者指出了什么??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】短文第三段第四句说"It would be a pity to retard our development by holding back those people who are gifted enough to work and play well with less than the average amount of sleep, if indeed it does them no harm." 由此可知,作者认为那些生来就可以少睡觉而且不误工作和玩耍的人不应受到约束,故答案选D。?


77. 答案:A?
【参考译文】从短文可知作者怎样??
【试题分析】本题为概括题。?
【详细解答】通读全文可知,作者先列出了有关睡眠量问题的三种不同观点,继而对每种观点都做了评论,说明了自己的看法,但并没有提出支持哪一观点,也没有提出自己独创的新观或修正别人的观点,故选项A为正确答案。?

TEXT D ?

短文大意:本文谈论的是国际间移民的原因及其影响等问题。?
78. 答案:C?
【参考译文】作者认为"pull factors"如何??
【试题分析】本题为细节题,可用排除法解答。?
【详细解答】短文第三段说"Most often these are economic,such as better job opportunities or the availability of good land to farm. ...When there is a choice between several attractive potential destinations, the deciding factor might be a non-economic consideration such as the presence of relatives, friends, or at leastfellow countrymen already established in the new place who are willing to help the newcomers settle in." 由此可排除选项A;文中没有谈到与选项B和D相关的信息,故正确答案只有选项C。?

79. 答案:B?
【参考译文】下列哪一项不是影响人们决定移民的因素??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】短文第五段第二句说"The same push-pull factors and obstacles operatedifferently on different people...or just because of their varying abilities and personalities."这里提到了abilities和personalities;本段第三句中提到了marital status。文中没有谈到与education相关的信息,故选项B为正确答案。?

80. 答案:B?
【参考译文】这篇文章的论题是什么??
【试题分析】本题为主旨题。?
【详细解答】综观全文,作者在文中主要讨论了导致人员迁徙的四种不同动机,故答案选B

阅读理解 B

TEXT E ?

短文大意:这是一封消费者向汽车生产厂家提出的投诉信。?

81. 答案:B?
【参考译文】这是一封什么信??
【试题分析】本题为主旨题。?
【详细解答】信的最后一句说"I am afraid I shall report your company to the Consumers'Association."即我恐怕要将你们公司告到消费者协会,由此可见这是一封投诉信。

TEXT F ?

短文大意:这篇短文介绍的是网上购物的发展趋势。?

82.答案:D?
【参考译文】这篇文章主要是关于什么的??
【试题分析】本题为主旨题。?
【详细解答】短文首句说"Online shopping (网上购物) has become a major force in retailing this year...",由此可知本文主题为Online shopping。?

TEXT G ?

短文大意:本文介绍的是美国食品和药品管理委员会为保证血液供应质量而颁布的新条例。

83. 答案:C?
【参考译文】本文讨论的是下列哪一组织的目标??
【试题分析】本题为主旨题。?
【详细解答】本文第一段说"(FDA) is taking steps to protect the country's blood supply."第二段说"The FDA has prodded new rules...new rules are designed to ...",第三、四段是说新条例的措施和目的。因此本题正确答案为选项C。?

TEXT H ?

短文大意:这是一则有关招聘海外劳工的广告。?

84. 答案:A?
【参考译文】这是一则招聘什么人的广告??
【试题分析】本题为主旨题。?
【详细解答】短文多处提及与工作相关的句子,如"We have jobs in most parts of theworld ...","We have jobs for teachers, doctors, nurses, engineers, car mechanics and many others."由此可知,这是一则招聘去海外工作的广告。?

TEXT I ?

短文大意:这篇短文列出了一些不同类别的服务机构的以及他们的服务项目、地址和联系电话。?

85. 答案:D?
【参考译文】呀请家政人员应该拨哪个电话??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】快速在HEALTH AMBULANCE SERVICE一栏找到home nursing,其对应的电话号码是08675。?

86.答案:C ?
【参考译文】建议献血的人与哪儿联系??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】快速查找BLOOD DONORS一栏,其相应的机构为John Radcliffe Hospital。

TEXT J ?

短文大意:这是一则酒店的广告。?
87. 答案:B?
【参考译文】如果你三月16日去香港,你应付多少钱??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】在Departure dates栏里迅速找到09,16 Mar,可知其对应的价格为$ 849。

88. 答案:A?
【参考译文】价格里面不包括什么??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】在Not included栏里可以找到local dept tax,故价格里不包括选项A。

TEXT K ?

短文大意:这是一则有关学校里的火警的小册子。?

89.答案:D?
【参考译文】听到火警,教室里的人应去哪儿??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】迅速在ON HEARING YOUR FIRE ALARM栏里找到Those in class:will go to the Assembly Area...,可以确定答案选D。?

90. 答案:C?
【参考译文】火警期间,你该做什么??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】在PROCEDURE一栏中可以查寻到Move quietly,故答案选C。