PART Ⅲ LISTENING COMPREHENSION?

SECTION A STATEMENT?

1.答案:C?
【问句译文】讲话者考试做得怎样??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】解答本题的关键是听清"I couldn't do the last four ... but I did the first five."这里是说她不会做后面的四个题,但做了前面的五个题,故选项C为正确答案。?

2.答案:A?
【问句译文】 Jane认为瑞士奶酪怎样??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】解答本题的关键词是"no better cheese than Swiss cheese ",由此可知,Jane认为瑞士奶酪是最好的,故选A。?

3.答案:D?
【问句译文】John先去了哪儿??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】解答本题的关键是分清做事的先后顺序,"Before...John had his emergency brake checked and fixed at the service station...",由此得出John应该首先去"the service station"。?

4.答案:C?
【问句译文】Betty的愿望是什么??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】 解答本题的关键词有would rather(宁愿......倒愿意......)和send away(解雇,开除,赶走)。故"Betty would rather that her husband didn't send away..."是说"Betty倒宁愿丈夫不解雇那个清洁女工,但她丈夫将会解雇她。"故选项C为正确答案。

5.答案:A?
【问句译文】Fred花了多少钱买那辆车??
【试题分析】本题为推理题。?
【详细解答】解答本题的关键是要听出这是一个虚拟语气句,"...would have paid twice as mush as he did...if the salesman had insisted...",意思是说"如果售货员坚持的话,Fred宁愿为此付两倍的价钱。"由此可知,售货员没有坚持原价,Fred只用要价的一半的钱就把车买下了。?

6.答案:B?
【问句译文】为何终身教育是有实际意义的??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】在谈到终身教育时,讲话者说"Of course there are certain limits but these are not age limits."由此可知,选项B为正确答案。?

7.答案:B?
【问句译文】根据讲话者的观点,最困难的事是什么??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】解答本题的关键句是"And that is perhaps the most difficult...",但这里的that指的是上句中的"get away from people",故本题的正确答案为B。?

8.答案:C?
【问句译文】William为何被解雇??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】只要听清关键句"...because he made a big error...",就可判断正确答案为C。?

SECTION B CONVERSATION?

9.答案:B?
【问句译文】Mark为何拒绝了那份工作??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】当女士说到Mark拒绝了那份工作时,男士说"the hours were convenient but he wouldn't have been able to make ends meet."由此可以看出,Mark嫌这份工作的薪水太低,所以拒绝了。?

10.答案:B?
【问句译文】他们认为那家餐馆如何??
【试题分析】本题为推理题。?
【详细解答】本题可以从女士的话中推理出答案,她说"Very few small restaurants like this serve good food",即"很少有像这样的小餐馆能提供好的食物的。"也就是说这餐馆的食物可能不好吃,因此答案选B。?

11.答案:D ?
【问句译文】Mary说得好的是哪种语言??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】解答本题的关键词是"fluent in English",由此判断Mary说得好的是英语。?

12.答案:C?
【问句译文】那位女士认为John怎样??
【试题分析】本题为推理题。?
【详细解答】男士说"John must have been joking when he said that he was going to live in Boston."?他认为John说要去波士顿居住是一句玩笑话,女士则说"Don't be so sure",说明她不同意男士的看法,也就是说她认为John或许真的要去波士顿居住,故选项C为正确答案。

13. 答案:B?
【问句译文】那位女士应该在几点种之前赶到??
【试题分析】本题为计算题。?
【详细解答】已经是l0:45,女士还没有等到公汽,就问身边的一位男士是否还有公汽,男士回答说"...you've just missed the last one which left 5 minutes ago",意思是说末班车5分钟前已离去,由此可以计算如果女士在10:40赶到,就可以赶上末班车。故答案选B。?

14.答案:A?
【问句译文】由对话我们可以知道什么??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】女士以为男士病了,男士说"They must have confused me with my brothe Jack."意思是说"把我和我弟弟Jack搞混了",由此可知,John并没生病,生病的是他的弟弟Jack,故答案选A。?

15.答案:A?
【问句译文】男士的语气如何??
【试题分析】本题为推理题。?
【详细解答】当女士说按照现在这样使用的话,影印机将用不到年底。男士回答说"The year? It's supposed to be good for four."意思是"今年?那可是说要用四年的。"可见男士对影印机只用一年就要坏感到吃惊,故答案选A。?

16. 答案:B?
【问句译文】两位讲话者很可能在哪儿??
【试题分析】本题为推理题。?
【详细解答】由关键句"cars and trucks lined up for the ferry"和"take a quite while for us to be on board."可以知道,谈话者是在等渡船过河,故答案选B。

SECTION C NEWS BROADCAST?
17. 答案:C?
【问句译文】一些海地人罢工是为了什么??
【试题分析】本题为推理题。?
【详细解答】新闻第四句说"The Haitians are eligible to pursue political asylum in the US, but have been barred from entry because most have the AIDS virus."即"这些海地人是有资格在美国寻求政治避难的,但却因为他们大部分携带有爱滋病毒而被禁止入境。"由此可知,海地人是因为反对美国政府禁止他们入境而罢工的,因此选项C为正确答案。?

18.答案:A?
【问句译文】那些罢工者为何被禁止进入美国??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】本题答案在上一题中已分析过,新闻第四句说"...because most have the AIDS virus."即"因为他们大部分人携带有爱滋病毒而被禁止入境",故答案选A。

19.答案:B?
【问句译文】美国汽车制造商为何决定停止行动??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】新闻最后一句说"But they dropped the idea,signing a pledge by the Clinton Administration to address the US-Japan trade imbalance."意思是"他们放弃了这种想法是因为克林顿政府声称要对美日贸易不平衡提出抗议。"因此选项B为正确答案。?

20.答案:B?
【问句译文】暴风最先袭击哪儿??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】新闻的第二句说"The hurricane-force winds first struck the Gulf of Mexico...",由此可直接得知飓风最先袭击了墨西哥湾。?

21.答案:D?
【问句译文】暴风没有造成下列哪一灾难??
【试题分析】本题为细节题,可用排除法解答。"About 100 people are now known to havedied...","...and causing millions of dollars in damage.","All major airports have now reopened ","... and property and crops destroyed",新闻中没有提到"relocation of people"这一问题,故答案选D。?

22.答案:B?
【问句译文】根据该新闻,法国为何遭受强烈的批评??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】新闻第四句说"Paris has come under strong criticism for its nucleartesting program ...",由此可知,法国是因为其核试验而遭受强烈的批评,故答案选B。

23.答案:B?
【问句译文】该新闻主要是关于什么的??
【试题分析】本题为主旨题。?
【详细解答】新闻首句说"...there is an urgent need to raise levels of air safetythroughout the world.",可见这篇新闻主要讲的是提高航空安全性的问题,故选项B为正确答案。?

24. 答案:C?
【问句译文】Luxembourg会议的目的是什么??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】新闻首句就点明了会议的目的,"The Western European Union... is meeting in Luxembourg to discuss ways to reinforce economic sanctions against the Serbsby tightening controls on the River Danube."即西欧联盟会晤是为了商讨通过加强对多瑙河的控制重新施加对塞尔维亚的经济制裁,故选项C为正确答案。?

25. 答案:A?
【问句译文】国际上孤立塞尔维亚的努力失败的原因是什么??
【试题分析】本题为细节题。?
【详细解答】新闻倒数第二句说"International efforts to isolate Serbia have been undermined by ships carrying oil and other illegal supplies from the Black Sea region along the Danube into the former Yugoslavia after ignoring attempts by the local authorities to stop them.",由此可知国际上孤立塞尔维亚的努力之所以失败,是因为运送石油和其他非法物资的船只仍然能够在多瑙河上通行,所以答案选A。

二、完型填空

短文大意:这篇文章介绍了古代猿人为了生存而发生的生理进化。?

26. 答案:A?
【试题分析】本题考查对固定搭配的掌握。?
【详细解答】 rival意为"与...相匹敌;比得上",常用的搭配是rival sb/sth for/in sth.;equal意为"比得上,和......相等",常用的搭配是be equal to;match意为"和......相配;和......相称",常用搭配为match with,意为"与......相匹敌";compare意为"比较;对照",常用的搭配有compare with,意为"与......相比较"。这里是说"他们无法与熊相比",故根据句意和搭配,答案应选A。?

27. 答案:D?
【试题分析】本题为动词词义辨析题。?
【详细解答】?became意为"成为;变为";equipped意为"装备",常用于be equipped with或equip sb.with sth.;posed意为"摆好姿势;造成";provided意为"供给,提供"。这里是说熊的力量、速度和爪子为自身提供了很好的武器,故选项D最合题意。?

28. 答案:C?
【试题分析】本题为词汇搭配题。?
【详细解答】defend...by doing sth.中的by表示方式、手段,意为"通过(做某事)",后一般接动名词。这里是说"它们不能像马、斑马或其他小动物一样通过快速地奔跑来保护自己"。?

29. 答案:B?
【试题分析】本题考查对固定搭配的掌握。?
【详细解答】be doomed to sth.(一般为death,failure等一类的词)表示"注定......"。be driven to后常接madness,sorrow等一类的词。lead to一般为主动式。这里是说"他们早就注定失败、灭绝了",故答案选B。?

30. 答案:D?
【试题分析】本题为词汇辨析题。?
【详细解答】 bestow表示"赠给",常与on或upon搭配;give一般与to搭配;present表示"赠予"时一般与with搭配;endow表示"天生具有,赋予",一般用被动式与with搭配。本句意为"他们却拥有其他任何竞争者所不具有的某种巨大而隐蔽的优势",故答案选D。

31. 答案:B?
【试题分析】本题考查对固定搭配的掌握。?
【详细解答】 in the search of是固定搭配,意为"在寻找......的过程中"。这里是说"在寻找森林可采物的过程中"。?

32. 答案:C?
【试题分析】本题为动词词义辨析题。?
【详细解答】generate意为"生成,产生";progress意为"进展,进步",是不及物动词;develop意为"(逐渐)形成"、"(逐渐)获得",后与interest,relationship,ability等搭配;advance意为"促进,提出,提升"。这里是说"在生存竞争中,猿人逐步形成了有效的、草地动物所不具有的立体视觉和颜色辨别的能力"。根据句意,答案选C。?

33.答案:C?
【试题分析】本题考查对固定搭配的掌握。?
【详细解答】beyond the reach of为固定搭配,意思是"够不着;在......范围之外",与其相对的短语是within the reach of(够得着;在......范围之内)。本句是说"猿人能在较近距离内看清目标"。?

34.答案:B?
【试题分析】本题考查对习惯用法的掌握。?
【详细解答】程度副词quite可以用在限定词another前,而另三个程度副词则不能。副词yet也可用在another前,但表示的是数量意义的"还,再"。本句意为"良好的远距离视力完全是另外一回事。"?

35.答案:D?
【试题分析】本题为词汇辨析题。?
【详细解答】本句中的so引导一个主语句子,这个句子缺少一个引导词,该引导词还是"they had to do"的宾语,只有选项D合乎条件。?

36.答案:A?
【试题分析】本题为形容词词义辨析题。?
【详细解答】available意为"可得到的;可用的";enough意为"足够的";sufficient意为"充足的";convenient意为"方便的"。上文说的是在森林中居住的猿人和猴子可以通过爬树来扩大视力所及的范围,此处接着说的是,然而在没有树的开阔地带,这种方法是不可行的。故选项A为正确答案。?

37.答案:B?
【试题分析】本题为动词词义辨析题。?
【详细解答】choose意为"选择,挑选";adopt意为"采用;采纳";accept意为"接受";take意为"实施;采取"。这里是说"猿人采取了惟一可行的方案",故答案选B。

38.答案:A?
【试题分析】本题为语篇分析题。?
【详细解答】此句与上句之间在语义上为转折关系,四个选项中只有however表转折关系,为正确答案。therefore表因果关系,C项meanwhile表时间关系,subsequently表承接关系。

39.答案:C?
【试题分析】本题为词语用法辨析题。?
【详细解答】accustomed表示"习惯的,适应的",常用结构为be accustomed to,意思是"习惯于......";familiarized的常用结构为be familiarized with,意思是"与......相熟";adapt表示"适应"时,常用adapt to sth.或adapt oneself to sth.结构,暗含作出某种变化以适应新的情况;be suited to sth.表示"适合......的"。这里是说"它们的骨骼渐渐适应了......",故选项C为正确答案。?

40.答案:D?
【试题分析】本题为动词用法辨析题。?
【详细解答】 call后面可以接宾语加宾语补足语;obtain和deserve后跟单宾语;earn后既可以接单宾语,也可以接双宾语,接双宾语时表示"(为......)博得,使得到"。根据句子结构,答案应选D。