《英语自学教程笔记》是通过对大学英语自学教程的学习所记录,对学习英语大有用处。

大学英语自学教程上册笔记Unit 1-1

Unit one:

Text A: How to Be a Successful Language Learner?

Ⅰ.New Words:

1.successful: a 成功的;

succeed v : succeed in doing something做某事成功;

success n; successfully ad (*)

a.She wished him success_ in his new job.

b.Were you successful in finding a new house?

c.I finished my training successfully.

d.He succeeds in finding a good job.

2.disagree: v disagree with somebody(与某人有分歧,意见不一致),

n disagreement, a disagreeable;反义词:agree, agreement, agreeable

e.g. I always disagree with him.

3.guarantee:n / v 保证、担保、保修

e.g.1>.The watch has a two-year guarantee. (n保修)

2>.The TV set is guaranteed for one year. (v 保修)

4.intelligent:a 聪明的、明智的,n intelligence 聪明、智慧

5.conversely: ad 相反地,converse a 相反的

6.similar:a 相似的、类似的,短语be similar to sth / sb in sth(*)

e.g.She is similar in temper(性情、脾气) to her mother.

7.independent:a 独立的、自主的,independence n 独立、自主、自立,(*)

字根:depend(v):依靠、依赖,depend on / upon

dependence: n 信赖、信任、依靠 ;dependent: a 依靠的、需要支持的

a.When you begin to make money you can live a life of independence.

b.Children depend on their parents for food.

c.I don’t want to be dependent on my parents, because I am an adult.

8.clue:n 线索、提示,常用短语:clue to something

9.adult: n 成年人;a 成年的、成熟的

a.She can do it herself, for she is an adult now.

b.His behavior isn’t adult.

10.conclusion: n 结论、推论;v conclude. decide v 决定,decision n 决定、决心

11.communicate: v 交流、通讯、传播,习语:

①communicate sth to sb: 传播某事给某人;

②communicate with sb: 同某人交流

名词:communication: a communication satellite 通讯卫星;

a communication network 通讯网,telecommunication:电讯、电信,

China telecommunication中国电信

12.inexact: a 不正确的,反义词:exact

incomplete: a 不完整的,反义词:complete

13.purpose: n 目的、意图,purposeful: a 有目的的,蓄意的,

purposefully: ad 有目的地、蓄意地(*)

a.He was a clever man whose every word was purposeful.

b.We should use the language purposefully.

c.She did it on purpose.

14.regularly: ad 经常地、定期地,

regular: a 定期的

15.technique: n 技术、技巧,

16.outline: v 概括;n 轮廓、大纲

a.You should outline the story before you write it.

b.You can see the outline of her face in the light of the candle.