【答案及详解】

1. D feel是一个系动词,可以判断此处应填入一个形容词,通过上下文意思,以及后面介词about, 可以确定选项为D项guilty, 短语feel guilty about sth. “对……感到有愧”。全句的意思为“我们很爱吃,但是往往在吃完之后又有负罪感”。

2.M be obsessed with 为固定搭配,原意为“被……附上/缠住/迷住心窍”,放在本句表示“十分重视”。全句的意思为“我们很关心健康和减肥,但肥胖却又空前地在蔓延”。

3. A 本句缺一个名词作主语,并且根据和介词to的搭配,可以推断出正确选项answer.

4. I本句根据more和ways可以判断出需要填入一个形容词构成比较级,根据上下文,表示“旨在禁止酗酒的禁酒令,却激发了更多新奇的方法来酗酒”,可以确定I为正确选项。

5. F 本题较难。根据be 和by 确定应填入一个过去分词。再根据上下文,上文表示“应该吃典型的美国人吃的食物”,下文通过 but 转折,表示实际上“美国的食物已经被诸如比萨和热狗这样的舶来品所诠释了”,因此可以确定F为正确选项。

6.B政治结果,可根据宗教原因religious reasons来推断此处填政治结果。

7. L由于横线后面没有宾语,可以确定不是形成bring的短语,这样本句所缺的为一名词,做bring的宾语。根据下文解释,“美国人对他们所吃的食物的态度是矛盾的”,可以推出本句意义为“坚定的观点也不是确定不变的”。因此可以确定L为正确选项。

8. K系动词become后应填入一个形容词,和后面介词of形成短语be/become suspicious of “对……感到怀疑”。

9. J本句缺一个名词作主语,并且根据和介词in的搭配,可以推断出正确选项belief,(have)belief in sth.“ 相信……”。

10. C本句是一般现在时,缺一个动词,且和with 搭配,确定选项为share, share sth. with sb., “与某人分享某事”。

What is it about Americans and food? We love to eat, but we feel 1 about it afterward. We say we want only the best, but we strangely enjoy junk food. We’re 2 with health and weight loss but face an unprecedented epidemic of obesity(肥胖). Perhaps the 3 to this ambivalence(矛盾情结) lies in our history. The first Europeans came to this continent searching for new spices but went in vain. The first cash crop(经济作物) wasn’t eaten but smoked. Then there was Prohibition, intended to prohibit drinking but actually encouraging more 4 ways of doing it.

The immigrant experience, too, has been one of inharmony. Do as Romans do means eating what “real Americans” eat, but our nation’s food has come to be 5 by imports—pizza, say, or hot dogs. And some of the country’s most treasured cooking comes from people who arrived here in shackles.

Perhaps it should come as no surprise then that food has been a medium for the nation’s defining struggles, whether at the Boston Tea Party or the sit?ins at southern lunch counters. It is integral to our concepts of health and even morality whether one refrains from alcohol for religious reasons or evades meat for political

But strong opinions have not brought 7 . Americans are ambivalent about what they put in their mouths. We have become 8 of our foods, especially as we learn more about what they contain.

The 9 in food is still prosperous in the American consciousness. It’s no coincidence, then, that the first Thanksgiving holds the American imagination in such bondage(束缚). It’s what we eat—and how we 10 it with friends, family, and strangers—that help define America as a community today.

A. answer I. creative

B. result J. belief

C. share K. suspicious

D. guilty L. certainty

E. constant M. obsessed

F. defined N. identify

G. vanish O. ideals

H. adapted

【答案及详解】

1. D feel是一个系动词,可以判断此处应填入一个形容词,通过上下文意思,以及后面介词about, 可以确定选项为D项guilty, 短语feel guilty about sth. “对……感到有愧”。全句的意思为“我们很爱吃,但是往往在吃完之后又有负罪感”。

2. M be obsessed with 为固定搭配,原意为“被……附上/缠住/迷住心窍”,放在本句表示“十分重视”。全句的意思为“我们很关心健康和减肥,但肥胖却又空前地在蔓延”。

3. A 本句缺一个名词作主语,并且根据和介词to的搭配,可以推断出正确选项answer.

4. I本句根据more和ways可以判断出需要填入一个形容词构成比较级,根据上下文,表示“旨在禁止酗酒的禁酒令,却激发了更多新奇的方法来酗酒”,可以确定I为正确选项。

5. F 本题较难。根据be 和by 确定应填入一个过去分词。再根据上下文,上文表示“应该吃典型的美国人吃的食物”,下文通过 but 转折,表示实际上“美国的食物已经被诸如比萨和热狗这样的舶来品所诠释了”,因此可以确定F为正确选项。

6. B政治结果,可根据宗教原因religious reasons来推断此处填政治结果。

7. L由于横线后面没有宾语,可以确定不是形成bring的短语,这样本句所缺的为一名词,做bring的宾语。根据下文解释,“美国人对他们所吃的食物的态度是矛盾的”,可以推出本句意义为“坚定的观点也不是确定不变的”。因此可以确定L为正确选项。

8. K系动词become后应填入一个形容词,和后面介词of形成短语be/become suspicious of “对……感到怀疑”。

9. J本句缺一个名词作主语,并且根据和介词in的搭配,可以推断出正确选项belief,(have)belief in sth.“ 相信……”。

10. C本句是一般现在时,缺一个动词,且和with 搭配,确定选项为share, share sth. with sb., “与某人分享某事”。

【四级完型】

For many people today, reading is no longer relaxation.To keep up their work they must read letters, reports, trade publications, interoffice communications, not to mention newspapers and magazines: a never-ending flood of words.In 1 a job or advancing in one, the ability to read and comprehend 2 can mean the difference between success and failure.Yet the unfortunate fact is that most of us are 3 readers. Most of us develop poor reading 4 at an early age, and never get over them. The main deficiency 5 in the actual stuff of language itself-words.Taken individually, words have 6 meaning until they are strung together into phrased, sentences and paragraphs. 7 , however, the untrained reader does not read groups of words.He laboriously reads one word at a time, often regressing to 8 words or passages.Regression, the tendency to look back over 9 you have just read, is a common bad habit in reading.Another habit which 10 down the speed of reading is vocalization—sounding each word either orally or mentally as 11 reads.

To overcome these bad habits, some reading clinics use a device called an 12 , which moves a bar (or curtain) down the page at a predetermined speed.The bar is set at a slightly faster rate 13 the reader finds comfortable, in order to“stretch”him.The accelerator forces the reader to read fast, 14 word-by-word reading, regression and subvocalization, practically impossible. At first 15 is sacrificed for speed.But when you learn to read ideas and concepts, you will not only read faster, 16 your comprehension will improve. Many people have found 17 reading skill drastically improved after some training. 18 Charlce Au, a business manager, for instance, his reading rate was a reasonably good 172 words a minute 19 the training,now it is an excellent 1,378 words a minute.He is delighted that how he can 20 a lot more reading material in a short period of time.

1.A.applying B.doing C.offering D.getting

2.A.quickly B.easily C.roughly D.decidedly

3.A.good B.curious C.poor D.urgent

4.A.training B.habits C.situations D.custom

5.A.lies B.combines C.touches D.involves

6.A.some B.A lot C.little D.dull

7.A.Fortunately B.In fact

C.Logically D.Unfortunately

8.A.reuse B.reread C.rewrite D.recite

9.A.what B.which C.that D.if

10.A.scales B.cuts C.slows D.measures

11.A.some one B.one C.he D.reader

12.A.accelerator B.actor C.amplifier D.observer

13.A.then B.as C.beyond D.than

14.A.enabling B.leading C.making D.indicating

15.A.meaning B.comprehension

C.gist D.regression

16.A.but B.nor C.or D.for

17.A.our B.your C.their D.such a

18.A.Look at B.Take C.Make D.Consider

19.A.for B.in C.after D.before

20.A.master B.go over C.present

D.get through

Cloze Test 4答案

1.D

本句意思是“谁如果想谋得一份差事”。applying需加for,意思是“申请”;B.doing做;C.offering提供此三项均不符题意, 只有D.getting(获得)适合。

2.A

本句意为“快速阅读与理解的能力,是关系到成败的关键所在”只有quickly与原意吻合。easily(容易地);roughly (粗略地); decidedly(果断地)均与原文内容不符。

3.C

英语中,阅读速度快的人称为good reader,反之,就是poor reader。根据上下文的内容,多数人都属于poor reader,因此选poor(差的)。其它选项不妥。

4.B

此处的意思是“大多数人早期养成看书慢的习
惯”因此选habits(习惯)。training (训练,培训);situations(形势);custom(风俗习惯)。

5.A

此处说的是“主要的困难在于语言的自身要素,即单词”。combines联合;touches接触;involves包括,这三项的词义与原文不符。而lies与in构成搭配,意为“在于”。

6.C

这里的意思是“如果单个地看这些字,它们并没有什么意义”。some有点;A lot许多;dull单调的。此三项不合题意。只有little(很少)是否定词,合乎逻辑。

7.D

此句意为“作者对未受过阅读训练的人的不良习惯感到遗憾”。Fortunately幸运地;In fact事实上;Logically合乎逻辑地,均不妥。Unfortunately(不幸地)合乎句义。

8.B

此句意为“在阅读时经常重读(反复读)”因此,选reread重读。reuse再使用;Rewrite改写;recite背诵。

9.A

此处所填的词既是look back over的宾语,又是you have just read的宾语,只有what能充当这种双重成分。

10.C  
scales down按比例减少;cuts down削减;此两项不合题意。

measures不能与down搭配。只有slow与down搭配的意思“放慢”,在此合适。

11.B

本段前文已经出现you,在此选one(泛指人们,我们,你)来代替you。some one无此用法。如果用reader,前面应加定冠词。he不能与该段逻辑一致。

12.A

此句意为“训练快速阅读所使用的工具必然与提高阅读速度有关”,因此选accelerator (快读器)。actor演员;amplifier放大器;observer观察者。

13.D

前面的faster决定了应当选than,构成比较级。

14.C

此句意为“快速阅读器迫使你加快阅读速度,使你再也不能逐字阅读,回顾前文内容或者默读”。enabling相当于making possible;leading引导;indicating指出,表明。都不合题意。只有making (使,使得)最合适。

15.B

这里的意思是“速读最初会影响理解”,所以选comprehension(理解力)。meaning意义,意思,指词或词组表示的意义;gist大意,要旨regression回顾

16.A

与前半句中的not only相呼应,构成句式“不仅……,而且……”,只有选but,而nor;or或for均不能构成固定用法。

17.C

本句中的主语是第三人称复数,物主代词必然是their。转自:考试网 - [Examw.Com]

18.B

take与后面的for instance构成短语,意为:“以……例”,其它三项不能构成搭配。

19.D

这里提到受训之前与受训之后进行比较,对比,因此选before。

20.D

此处意为:在较短时间内,读完众多的材料。master掌握;go over复习;present呈现,展现;此三项均不妥;只有get through (读完)最恰当。

【四级翻译】

1._______________ (他们没有去游泳),they went to play football that day.

2.There is no doubt that _____________ (需求的增长导致了价格的上涨).

3.He cannot win a good reputation,______________ (因为他多嘴多舌).

4.We have reasons to believe that, ______________ (一个更加光明美好的未来等着我们).

5.There are plenty of opportunities for everyone in our society,______________ (但是只有那些做好充分准备并且高度称职的人)can make use of them to achieve purpose.