It’s never easy to admit you are in the wrong. Being human, we all need to know the art of apologizing. Look back with honesty and think how often you’ve judged roughly, said __1__ things, pushed yourself ahead at the expense of a friend. Then count the occasions when you indicated clearly and __2__ that you were sorry. A bit frightening, isn’t it? Frightening because some deePwisdom in us knows that when even a small wrong has been committed, some mysterious moral feeling is __3__, and it stays out of balance until fault is acknowledged and __4__ is expressed.I remember a doctor friend, telling me about a man who came to him with a variety of signs: headaches, insomnia and stomach trouble. No __5__ cause could be found. Finally my friend said to the man, "Unless you tell me what’s worrying you, I can’t helPyou."After some hesitation, the man __6__ that, as executor of his faher’s will, he had been cheating his brother, who lived abroad, of his __7__. Then and there the wise old doctor made the man write to his brother asking __8__ and enclosing a cheque as the first stePin restoring their good relation. He then went with him to mail box in the corridor. As the letter disappeared, the man burst into tears. "Thank you," He said, "I think I’m __9__." And he was. A heartfelt apology can not only __10__ a damaged relationshiPbut also make it stronger. If you can think of someone who deserves an apology from you, someone you have wronged, or just neglected, do something about it right now.

A)heal

B)mental

C)unkind

D)regret

E)accurately

F)confessed

G)inheritance

H)physical

I)cured

J)treat

K)truly

L)unfaithful

M)forgiveness

N)disturbed

O)excuse

【答案】

1.选C)。此处应填形容词。从后面的pushed yourself ahead at the expense of a friend可知,说的是不好的话,可选项有unkind和unfaithful,但由前面的judged roughly“粗鲁的评判”可知这里表示说话时不考虑他人的感受,因此unkind“刻薄的”更加符合上下文语气。

2.选K)。由clearly and一词可知,此处应填副词,与closely一起修饰道歉时的情形。选项有accurately和truly,由“回想一下你曾明确地并......地表示自己歉意的场合”,能使句意通顺的是truly“真诚地”,而accurately一般表示“(数据计算得)精确地”,故排除。

3.选N)。it stays out of balance until...,其中it=some mysterious moral feeling可推出,出于道义上的原因,人会感到不安,故选disturbed“不安的”。而confessed“公开承认的”不符合句意。

4.选D)。此处应填名词。从“知道承认错误,表达......之后,才能觉得安心,”选项中只有regret“歉意”符合题意。

5.选H)。此处应填形容词。由headaches,insomnia(失眠)and stomach trouble可推出,可选项有mental和physical,由朋友的话“Unless... Worrying you, I can’t helPyou. " 可知这个人是由于心理上的原因,而不是生理上的,故选physical即No physical cause...。

6.选F)。此处应填动词。选项中的动词有confessed,cured和disturbed,但由After some hesitation可推出,此人是在向医生坦白情况,故选择confessed“坦白”。

7.选G)。此处应填名词。由as executor of his father’s will可推知,此处说明的是,在遗产继承方面,他一直在欺骗他居住在国外的兄弟,故只有选项inheritance符合题意。

8.选M)。此处应填名词。由restoring their good relation可推知,他是写信给他兄弟请求原谅,故选项中只有forgiveness符合题意。选项中excuse用作名词时,一般解释为“理由,借口”而没有“原谅”的意思,故排除。

9.选I)。由第二段最后一句waht’s worrying you和这个人的感情Thank you可推出,此处说明的是医生治好了他的心病,选项中只有cured符合题意。

10.选A)。此处应填动词的圆形。But also make it stronger“使人际关系更加稳固”,it指代a damaged relationship,由此可知,空格处应填表示“修复”的词,选项中的heal则有“治愈,修复”的意思,符合原文意思。treat一般专指医学上的治疗,用在此处不合适。

【四级完型】

Most people have no idea of the hard work and worry that gosintosthe collecting of those fascinating birds and animals that they pay to see in the zoo.One of the questions that is always asked of me is 1 I became an animal collector in the first 2 .The answer is that I have always been interested in animals and zoos.According to my parents, the first word I was able to say with any 3 was not the conventional“mamma”or“daddy”,4 the word“zoo”, which I would 5 over and over again with a shrill 6 until someone, insgroupsto 7 me up, would take me to the zoo.When I 8 a little older, we lived in Greece and I had a great 9 of pets, ranging from owls to seahorses, and I spent all my spare time 10 the countryside in search of fresh specimens to 11 to my collection of pets.12 on I went for a year to the City Zoo, as a student 13 , to get experience of the large animals, such as lions, bears, bison and ostriches,14 were not easy to keep at home.When I left, I 15 had enough money of my own to be able to 16 my first trip and I have been going 17 ever since then.Though a collector's job is not an easy one and is full of 18 ,it is certainly a job which will appeal 19 all those who love animals and 20 .

1.A.how B.where C.when D.whether

2.A.region B.field C.place D.case

3.A.clarity B.emotion C.sentiment D.affection

4.A.except B.but C.except for D.but for

5.A.recite B.recognize C.read D.repeat

6.A.volume B.noise C.voice D.pitch

7.A.close B.shut C.stop D.comfort

8.A.grew B.was growing C.grow D.grown

9.A.many B.amount C.number D.supply

10.A.living B.cultivating C.reclaiming D.exploring

11.A.increase B.include C.add D.enrich

12.A.later B.further

C.then D.subsequently

13.A.attendant B.keeper C.member D.aide

14.A.who B.they C.of which D.which

15.A.luckily B.gladly C.nearly D.successfully

16.A.pay B.provide C.allow D.finance

17.A.normally B.regularly C.usually D.often

18.A.expectations B.sorrows

C.excitement D.disappointments

19.A.for B.with C.to D.from

20.A.excursion B.travel C.journey D.Trip

1.A

根据下一句及随后的内容,作者讲的是怎样成为动物爱好者的(从小就喜欢动物),应当选择A.how。

2.C

in the first place是固定短语,意思是“首先”。此句意思是:别人经常问到的问题之一,是当初我是如何爱上动物的。

3.A

这句话的意思是:作者在呀呀学语之时,最早发清楚的音是“zoo”(动物园),而不是“妈妈”,“爸爸”,因此,应选clarity“清晰”。填入其他选项emotion (感情),sentiment(多愁善感),affection(友爱)不合逻辑。

4.B

but在此处连接另一个句子(it was the word“zoo”,“it was”被省略),表示转折,意为“而是”,Except,except for,but for的用法接近,表示“除了……”。

例如:

We go there every day except Sunday.

He answered all the questions except for the last one.

For a year the dam remained complete but for the generators.

从意思上,逻辑上,都应当选but。

5.D

根据后面的over and over again,应选“repeat”

6.C

小孩想去动物园,便不停地发出尖叫声,故选“voice”。A shrill voice与scream的意思接近。volume(音量);noise(噪音);pitch(音调)均不合要求。

7.B

shut sb.up是指让某人住口,为了让孩子停止尖叫,只好带他去动物园。

8.A

根据后面主句的时态,此处只能用一般过去时。

9.C

a great many后直接跟可数名词的复数形式;a great / large amount of后跟不可数名词;只有a great /large number of后可以跟可数名词的复数形式。

例如:

I read a great many English books.

A large amount of money is spent on tobacco every year.

A great number of civilians were murdered in cold blood.

10.D

living后必须接介词in,意为“居住”;cultivating耕种;reclaiming开垦;只有exploring有探察的意思。

11.C

add to相当于increase,增加。其余选项后面都不接to。

12.A

later on为固定短语,“后来”。

13.D

attendant仆人;keeper可理解为“饲养员”,但是a student keeper容易被误解为“收留学生的人”;aide有“助手”之义。作者一边上学,一边在动物园里打工,只能当助手。

14.D

which在此引导定语从句,修饰前面列出的动物。

15.D

因为钱是在动物园打工挣的,选successfully更能体现其含义。

16.D

finance my first trip意为“支付我的旅行

费用”;pay后应接介词for;其他选项的意思相差甚远。

17.B

此句为现在完成进行时态,选regularly比较贴切。

18.D

此句是由though引导的让步状语从句,应与主句意思相对立。选项中,sorrows和disappointments与主句的appeal to相对立,但sorrows的分量太重。

19.C

appeal to为成语,意思是“吸引”。

20.B

excursion短途旅行;journey(从一地到另一地的)长距离,具体的旅途;travel旅行,旅游,海外旅行;trip旅行,远足。

四级翻译:

1. _____________ (没有什么可做),we played games.

2.He not only __________ (把枯燥的工作强加给我),but also took away all our tips.

3. ___________ (在这种情况下),I couldn't go away.

4.The population of Africa is growing _________(极其迅速)

5.The girl is too young to _____________(和她的父母分开).

1.答案:There being nothing to do

[解析] 独立主格结构:there + being+其他成分,多放在句首。

2.答案:imposed dull work on me

[解析] 1)词组:impose…on sb.(把……强加给某人)

2)时态:根据后半句,前半句也应使用一般过去时。

3.答案:Under/In the/these circumstances

[解析] 词组:under/in the/these circumstances(在这种情况下)

4.答案:by/in leaps and bounds

[解析] 词组:by/in leaps and bounds(极其迅速)

5.答案:be separated from her parents

[解析] 1)语态:主语是the girl,应使用被动语态。

2)词组:separate sb./sth.from/使某人/某物与……分离)