Part I Reading Comprehension (www.pkucet.com) (30%)
Directions：There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. (www.pkucet.com)
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:
Languages are remarkably complex and wonderfully complicated organs of culture. (76)(They contain the quickest and the most efficient means of communicating within their respective culture. )To learn a foreign language is to learn another culture. In the words of a poet and philosopher, “As many languages as one speaks, so many lives one lives.”A culture and its language are as necessary as brain and body; while one is a part of the other, neither can function without the other. In learning a foreign language, the best beginning would be starting with the non-language elements of the language: its gestures, its body language, etc. Eye contact is extremely important in English. Direct eye contact leads to understanding, or, as the English saying goes, seeing eye-to-eye. We can never see eye-to-eye with a native speaker of English until we have learned to look directly into his eyes. (www.pkucet.com)
1. The best title for this passage is
A. Organs of Culture B. Brain and Body
C. Looking into his eyes D. Language and Culture
2. According to this passage, the best way to learn a foreign language is__________
A. to read the works of poets and philcsophers
B. to find a native speaker and look directly into his eyes
C. to begin by learning its body language
D. to visit a country where you can study
3. According to this passage, gestures are__________
A. spoken words B. a non-language element
C. pictures in a language D. written language
4. "As many languages as one speaks, so many lives..." means__________
A. if one learns many foreign languages, one will have a better
understanding of his own language
B. life is richer and more interesting if one knows several
C. no matter how many languages one knows, one can never
know more than one's own culture
D. if a person speaks only one language, he will live a very happy
5. Which of the following doesn't share the same meaning with the
A. signs B. gestures
C. efficient D. body language
Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage: (www.pkucet.com)
Trees are useful to man in three very important ways: they provide him with wood and other products; they give him shade; and they help to prevent droughts (干旱) and floods.
Unfortunately, man has not realized that the third of these services is the most important. Two thousand years ago a rich and powerful country cut down its trees to build warships, with which to gain itself an empire(帝国). It gained the empire, but, without its trees, its soil became hard and poor. When the empire fell to pieces, the home country found itself faced by flood and starvation.
(77)(Even though a government realizes the importance of a plentiful supply of trees, it is difficult for it to persuade villagers to see this. )The villagers want wood to cook their food with; and they can earn money by selling wood. They are usually too lazy to plant and look after the trees. (78)(So, unless the govemment has a good system of control, or can educate the people, the forests will slowly disappear.)
This does not only mean that the villagers' children and grandchildren will have fewer trees. The results are even more serious, for where there are trees their roots break the soil up allowing the rain to sink in - and also bind the soil, thus preventing its being washed away easily but where there are no trees, the rain falls on hard ground and flows away from the surface, causing flood. (www.pkucet.com)
6. What is the most important function of trees?
A. Providing fuel. B. Offering shade.
C. Preventing natural disaster. D. Providing wood.
7. What eventually happened to the empire in the paragraph?
A. Its people died of hunger.
B. It fell to pieces.
C. It became a giant empire.
D. It built many ships with wood.
8. It is implied in the passage that the villagers__________
A. want a plentiful supply of trees.
B. want firewood badly.
C. just want to get money.
D. don't realize the importance of trees.
9. The role of trees is to__________
A. loosen soil B. keep soil in position
C. harden soil D. both A and B
10. What is the passage mainly concerned with?
A. The benefits of trees.
B. Trees and soil protection
C. The various uses of trees.
D. Different attitudes toward trees.