Notes on the text 课文注释
populations 表示各地的人口
to one another 相互之间有关系
to natural resources 和自然资源也有关系
the growing poverty in the midst of growing poverty=people become poorer and poorer
e.g. The growing prosperity in the midst of growing prosperity enables men to travel worldwide.
permanent=long time, enduring 长期的,永久的(lasting)
permanent love 永久的爱 / permanent friendship 持久的友谊 / permanent member 永久会员
And not only to peace, but also to democratic institutions and personal liberty. (无谓句)
liberty 自由度,个人自由
I love my sister, my brother…also my grandmother. (强调 grandmother)强调句
…, constitutes a permanent menace to peace, also to democratic institutions and personal
freedom 用途很广 I enjoy freedom. 今天我休息。
liberty 政治上的自由 Statue of Liberty 自由女神像
dog-eat-dog 人吃人
lucrative job 肥缺 / cut figure out 崭露头角
tend 强调无意识的 e.g. He tends to rise early. 他习惯于早起。
intend 强调有意识的 e.g. He intends to rise early. 他爱早起。
labour force 劳动力
surplus 剩余 surplus value 剩余价值 labour surplus 剩余劳动力
purchasing power 购买力
accumulated 堆积的,蓄积的(open-handed)
tyranny n. 残暴
political and economic power=countries
wielders 统治者
此句话的意思可表示为:It is impossible for him/for individual to get anything under the ruthless
nature and the merciless government.
power: America is a superpower. 美国是超级大国。
above all 首要 = among other things 表示强调说法democracy:
to build a government of the people, by the people and for the people. (Lincoln)
favour: 恩惠 in the boss’s favour. 这是老板的大红人 He is the boss’s favourite. (很吃香)

He is a diplomat. 他左右逢源,很会来事。
withdraw: 取走
and: 句式连接
My mother is a doctor, and my father is a driver.
My mother is a doctor. And my father is a driver.
be certain=be sure of
means 手段,方法 by means of 通过……手段
live on: 依靠……而生活 I live on rice/noodle.
live by one’s hands 靠劳动 live by the mountains 靠山吃山,靠水吃水
feed on
out of 从……出来 out of reason / He did out of impulse. 他出于冲动。
virgin territories 新的国度
make a fresh start 重新开始
financially independent 经济独立 = economically independent
financially dependent on my parents 需要父母给钱
Mentally I would rather you stay. 打心眼里我是真舍不得你走。
be in a position to=be able to
The professor is in a position to air on this topic.
press upon=press on 施加压力给……
be apt to=tend to
government control 政府控制
capital 资本
it is no accident 决不是偶然
centralized : (I want to build a cradle for security. (Stalin))
Aldous Huxley (奥尔德斯?赫胥黎) (1894-1963 英国作家,他最著名作品 Brave New World (美
Aldous Huxley is No. 1 humorist in Britain. (林语堂)
Arnold 阿诺德:英国著名作家(Aldous Huxley’s uncle)
Tomas Huxley (严复《天演论》,Aldous Huxley’s grandfather)
The Statue of Liberty: 碑铭(1886 年,法国送给美国)
“Give me your tired, your poor, your huddled masses yearning to breathe free. The wretched
refuse of your teeming shore. Send these, the Homeless, tempest-tossed to me. I lift my lamp
beside the golden door!”