【课文讲解】

have a walk/rest/look

have a + 名词, 这个名词与此同时可以跟动词是同形的
have a swim/bath
have a bath=bathe,have a swim=swim

have a walk=walk
have a look=look
have a rest=rest

Sometions we can use have+noun in place of an ordinary verb.

have a+名词=动词

一个动词的后面会加介词(如果这个动词是不及物动词),这个名词的后面,动词能加什么样的介词,名词也可以加什么样的介词

loo at->have a look at; walk across->hav ea walk across
succeed in doing sth->be successful in->success in

to 放在一个句子的后面起目的的作用

at the other side of

be covered with : 盖满

play a tune ,play music
tune,可数名词; music 不可数名词

have a (first)glimpse of
at the first sight
I love you at the first sight of you.

rise:升 vi.
raise:提高 vt.

follow the movements of the pipe

very much surprised

obviously更习惯放在句首

have a glimpse of

have a + 名词, 这个名词能有一个同形的动词,动词能加什么,名词就加什么

【Key structures】

have a +名词=相对应的动词,have是实义动词

rode on a horse ->had a ride on a horse

was looking at ->was having a look at

washed->had a wash

swam->had swim

fought->had fight

quarrelling->having a quarrel

tried again->had another try

sleep well->have a good sleep

have a + 名词=相对应的动词,后面能加相对应的介词短语

pick:采摘,pick apples
pick up:拣起,发现
pick sb up:接某人(顺路), meet sb+地点:专程接
pick up a lot of English=learn a lot of English
pick out;挑出来
pick up the radio program(the program on the radio)
在广播上收听节目

Exercise

2....______.
by doing....通过做某事,通过某种方式
by train 乘火车
by the river 沿着河边
by the end of....到……时候为止
I show him my respect by sending him flowers.

3...______...
so as to...为了,表示目的
to不定式做状语表目的
in order 在次序中,有次序的,整洁的,整齐的
Keep your room in order
in order to +v.:为了
in order that+从句:为了

Answer: D

7...It_____
might not 可能不
may not 可能不
must not 不准
wasn't able to 不能
Answer :D

【语法精粹】 Nouns

1. Julie went to the______to buy a pair of shoes.
A.shoes store  B.shoe's store
C.shoe store   D.shoes' store
Answer: C
表示类别的商店,用单数名词修饰

2.As a safety precaution,all city cab drivers carry only enough money to make change for a_____bill.
A.ten-dollar    B.ten-dollars
C.tens-dollar    D.ten-dollar's
cab drivers=taxi drivers
bill纸币
有连字符连接的单词没有复数,连字符单词做定语
Answer: A

3.Recently,he has lost all his____at cards.
A.wage and saving    B.wages and saving
C.wage and savings   D.wages and savings
wage 薪水 ; saving 积蓄
Answer: D

4.I want_____.
A.a dollar worth candy    B.candy a dollar's worth
C.a dollar's worth of candy  D.a dollar worth's candy

a dollar's worth of n.
Answer :C

5.The surroundings a child grows up in usually ____an effect
on his development.
A.have  B.had  C.do  D.has

have an effect on ...对……有效果
grow up 成长
in 连接作用
The surroundings 做主语
a child grows up 定语从句
Answer: A