【课文讲解】

被动语态->据说
It is said that...
called  sth.called....  和地点相连的词的名字:of
the city of BeiJing:名叫北京的城市
The village is said to + 动词+
be said to
It is said that village possesses a 'cursed tree'
He is said to be very good
mention
My father often mentions you...
in a newspaper:强调报纸里面的内容
on the newspaper:报纸上的东西
the number of ...的数量  做单数看待
a number of =lots of  做复数看待
后面都加可数名词的复数
主谓数字一致
gain=get
it is...that :强调     It is I that am looking for you.
It is you that I'm looking for
分号可以断开两个句子
anyone:任何人
he
If anyone wanted to go there,he will do sth.
be asked to do
have sth.done:让某事被别人做
I will go to have my bicycle repaired
I will have my hair cut.
point out :explain
have been doing 现在完成进行时态
in spite of this
in spite of :介词后面不能接从句,只能加what 引导的从句
not one of = none of
strike    struck    stricken
be struck down
poverty-struck 穷困潦倒

总结:
be said to do
It is said that...  It is that...
have sth.done
Could you make yourself known? make sth.done
Could you make yourself heard?
in spite of
not one of=none of


【Special difficulties】
1....
cut:切割
pick:摘
2....
gain/earn the reputation
gain:获得=get sth
earn:得到结果(通过努力)
earn money:挣钱
earn one's living:谋生

3...
earn:挣钱
4....
grow=increase(表示数量增长)The number is inreasing/growing
grow:增长和生长
increase:增长

【Multiple choice questions】

10...
win:赢得(通过比赛或竞争)
beat:打败(后加对手)
profit n.&v. 利润&得到利润

4....
虚拟语气
如果if后面直接出现正常条件的话,就会出现一般现在时,一旦出现一般过去时,是与现在事实相反的虚拟语气(would do)

6....
in spite of + 名词/what引导的从句
despite prep. = in spite of 尽管
even adv.
even though :尽管(后面加句子)

7...
参见28课
none/not one

9....A
grow up :成长(人)
overgrow:过度成长
grow old:变老
grow一般作为实义动词,后面加介词或副词,一旦后面加形容词,不再表示成长的意思,将表示变得=get