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Hugh Miller
             

(1802~1856)
Hugh Miller was a tall (nearly 6ft) man with a great mass of flaming red hair and "sapphire" blue eyes (according to his wife, Lydia). He possessed immense physical strength, and most importantly a questing intellect of extraordinary range.
   
He was a self-taught geologist, and wrote about the history of the earth with an eloquence, breadth of imagination and descriptive power like no one else has then or since.

His fossil collection of over 6,000 specimens became the founding core of what is today's Scottish national collection in the Royal Scottish Museum in Edinburgh. His books, such as The Old Red Sandstone, The Cruise of the Betsey, Footprints of the Creator, Testimony of the Rocks, Scenes and Legends of the North of Scotland, and My Schools and Schoolmasters (autobiography) became bestsellers in many editions.
   
Hugh Miller was an evangelical Christian. He could be ferociously aggressive in debate with his religious opponents, via the columns of his newspaper, The Witness. He helped to found a new Presbyterian Church, and gave it its name, the Free Church of Scotland.
   
For all his ferocity in print, he was intensely shy, introverted, humble, prone to melacholy, and plagued with silicosis all his life because of his toils in his youth as a stonemason. In the end he was to die by his own hand - a single shot in the chest - in the early hours of Christmas Eve, at his home in Shrub Mount, Portobello, just outside Edinburgh. By then his brain was "burning" tormented by nightmares and fears of approaching insanity.
  
He left a widow, Lydia, herself a writer, who edited and secured posthumous publication of some of his books, and four children, Harriet, William, Bessie and Hugh Junior, who became a geologist like his father.

(fr: http://www.hughmiller.org/who_was_hugh_g.asp)

休.米勒

(1802~1856)

颜林海译
 
休.米勒,身材高大(接近六英尺),头发茂密,呈红色如燃烧的火焰,蓝蓝的眼睛如蓝色的宝石(根据其妻子莉狄亚叙述)。他体魄极其强健,尤为要者,具有探寻者的智慧,涉猎领域非同寻常。
  
米勒,地质学家,自学成才,著述内容涉及地球历史,笔法强劲,具有说服力,视野宏阔,描述能力前所未有,同代学仁,莫能匹及。
  
米勒收集化石标本6000余块,是今日位于爱丁堡的苏格兰皇家博物馆苏格兰标本收集的镇馆标本。著有《红砂岩》,《贝奇漫游记》(The Cruise of the Betsey), 《创始者之足迹》(Footprints of the Creator), 《岩石之证明》(Testimony of the Rocks), 《苏格兰北部景观与传奇》(Scenes and Legends of the North of Scotland), 和《我的学校与老师(自传)》(My Schools and Schoolmasters (autobiography)),而且这些书一度成为畅销书,印刷版次众多。
  
米勒是福音派新教徒。能凭借他的报纸专栏《目击者》,与宗教对手进行辩论,辩论极具攻击性,言辞辛辣。他协助创建了新长老会教堂,并取名为苏格兰自由教会。
  
与他所有印刷作品中的辛辣性相比,米勒性格极其腼腆内向、谦卑却易伤感,因年轻时干石匠苦力,一生倍受矽肺病的折磨。最后米勒用自己的手结束了生命----在平安夜快到的几个小时----胸部一枪毙命,死在正好位于爱丁堡外面的波多贝罗灌木山的家中。
 
当时,他大脑犹如火一般燃烧,倍受噩梦和恐惧的折磨,几近疯狂。
 
他留下孤儿寡妇。他的几本著作在他死后经由作家妻子莉狄亚编辑出版而得以保护。四个孩子,哈丽叶,威廉、贝希、小休,都子承父业,成为了地质学家。