爱思英语编者按：社交网站Facebook Inc.的富豪创始人扎克伯格(Mark Zuckerberg)已同意把他的多数财富捐给慈善事业。包括他在内，一群富裕创业家在人生的较早阶段做出了慈善承诺。
The billionaire founder of social network Facebook Inc. has agreed to give the majority of his wealth to charity, part of a broader group of rich entrepreneurs committing to philanthropy earlier in their lives.
社交网站Facebook Inc.的富豪创始人扎克伯格(Mark Zuckerberg)已同意把他的多数财富捐给慈善事业。包括他在内，一群富裕创业家在人生的较早阶段做出了慈善承诺。
Mark Zuckerberg has signed onto the 'Giving Pledge,' which asks its signatories to commit publicly to give away the majority of their wealth.
The 26-year-old is one of 16 billionaires new to the pledge, which now totals more than 50 donors. New names include AOL co-founder Steve Case, investor Carl Icahn and former junk-bond king Michael Milken.
26岁的扎克伯格是16位新加入的富豪之一，目前整个群体已经有50多人。新加入者还包括美国在线(AOL)创始人之一史蒂夫•凯斯(Steve Case)、投资家卡尔•伊坎(Carl Icahn)和曾经的垃圾债券大王麦克尔•米尔肯(Michael Milken)。http://www.24en.com 爱思英语网
They join existing pledges made by wealthy individuals and families including Oracle Corp. founder Larry Ellison, film director George Lucas and New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg.http://www.24en.com 爱思英语网
其他一些富裕个人和家族此前已经做出承诺，他们包括甲骨文(Oracle Corp.)创始人拉里•埃里森(Larry Ellison)、电影导演乔治•卢卡斯(George Lucas)和纽约市长迈克尔•布隆伯格(Michael Bloomberg)。http://www.24en.com 爱思英语网
The Giving Pledge is an effort organized by software mogul Bill Gates and investor Warren Buffett to persuade the world's rich to boost their giving.
“捐赠誓言”是软件大亨比尔•盖茨(Bill Gates)和投资家沃伦•巴菲特(Warren Buffett)为劝说世界富人更慷慨地捐赠而发起的一场活动。
'I view this as a call to others who might in their thirties or forties use some of their creativity to get involved in philanthropy earlier in life,' Mr. Milken, 64, said of the pledge.http://www.24en.com 爱思英语网
Those pledging are part of a broader shift in philanthropy, in which successful business people -- often entrepreneurs -- are giving more of their money to charity far earlier than their predecessors. It was a trend that was helped along by Mr. Gates, who started his foundation while still leading Microsoft Corp.
Mr. Case, 52, and his wife Jean Case, 50, said they signed the pledge because they hoped it would help philanthropists learn from each other. 'It is less about what size of a check that you write and more about the outcome,' Mr. Case said.
Ms. Case said Internet entrepreneurs have a unique interest in philanthropy. 'The folks that helped bring AOL to life were out to change the world,' she said. 'It seems a natural thing that as they look at the role they want to play, they are giving back in big ways.'
Messrs. Icahn and Zuckerberg weren't available to comment. In a video prepared by the Giving Pledge, Mr. Zuckerberg said, 'There's so much that needs to be done, it would be better to start now.'http://www.24en.com 爱思英语网
Starting last year, Mr. Gates, his wife Melinda Gates, Mr. Buffett and other wealthy individuals hosted a series of dinners for billionaires to discuss setting up the pledge. That led to an announcement in June of the pledge and its earliest signers.
从去年开始，盖茨、盖茨妻子梅琳达•盖茨(Melinda Gates)、巴菲特和其他富人主持一系列晚宴招待亿万富豪，讨论发起捐赠誓言的事情。讨论的结果是在今年6月份公布了誓言书及其最早的一批签署人。http://www.24en.com 爱思英语网
Since then, Mr. Gates, Ms. Gates and Mr. Buffett have been calling on billionaires to get their commitment. The pledge doesn't ask for specific donations, nor does it track giving; rather, it asks that a pledge maker commit to giving away the majority of their wealth.
That proposition at times has been a tough sell, the pledge founders said. 'People are super nice to us, but there is a certain awkwardness because it's a big decision,' Mr. Gates said in an interview this week. 'Sometimes the wife and the husband have never really talked through their priorities on the charity stuff.
Mr. Zuckerberg, who founded Facebook in his Harvard University dorm before dropping out of college and working on the business full time in California, is one of the world's youngest billionaires, worth an estimated $6.9 billion, according to Forbes. Yet since his wealth is from his ownership stake a company that has yet to list on the stock market, much of that wealth is theoretical at this point.
Dustin Moskovitz, a co-founder of Facebook and former Harvard roommate of Mr. Zuckerberg's, has also signed the pledge.
Mr. Zuckerberg emerged as a major donor this year. In September, he made his first major charitable gift, promising on 'The Oprah Winfrey Show' to give up to $100 million to public schools in Newark.http://www.24en.com 爱思英语网
扎克伯格今年成为了一名出手大方的捐赠者。他9月份时献上了自己的头一份慈善大礼，在《奥普拉脱口秀》(The Oprah Winfrey Show)中承诺向纽瓦克的公立学校捐赠至多1亿美元。
Many of the pledge signors had already planned to disburse their wealth and most are already involved in philanthropy. It's unclear if the Giving Pledge has encouraged more giving.http://www.24en.com 爱思英语网
Overall, philanthropic giving has been hit hard by the weak economy. Donations in the U.S. fell 3.6% to $303.75 billion last year, down from $315 billion in 2008, according to Giving USA. In 2008, they were down 2%, Giving USA Foundation.
Investor and new addition to the pledge, Nicolas Berggruen, 48, said he decided to give away his fortune while he was alive so he could personally take responsibility for how his money is put to use.
'Wealth is an advantage, but it also is frankly a responsibility,' he said in an interview.
After the initial Giving Pledge list came out, some critics decried it as a public-relations stunt, or the product of tax-breaks that are hurting the government's ability to offer critical services.http://www.24en.com 爱思英语网
'The state has limits in to what it can and cannot do,' said Mr. Berggruen. 'Private enterprise can be faster and less bureaucratic than the state.'